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Fiftyniners' Directory
Colorado Argonauts



SABIN, Edw. P., Nov 1859, witness in land transaction, Auraria City.

SABINE, James E., witness Aug 1, same year land sale, Denver City.

SABOLA MINSTRELS, (see Cibola Minstrels) giving entertainment opening Reed’s Theatre, Denver during year.

SACKETT, ---, of firm of Powers & Sackett, mining, Russell’s 1859.

SAFFORD, B. F., Boulder pioneer of that year, locates ranche 2-1/2 miles east of Boulder City, associated with Wellman Brothers, B. F. and M. Safford. Arrived from Leavenworth on May 28, previously. (Note from RMN)

SAGE, Rufus B., said to have been pioneer of very early date, washing gold as early as 1843. Also hunter, trapper, etc.

SAGENDORF, Andrew, born Aug 26, 1828 in state of New York, arrived Denver site, Nov 6, 1858. Secretary of first Town Company, Postmaster very early, member Constitutional Convention (Provisional), of first Masonic Lodge, his cabin being donated for early meetings. On these occasions the Tyler for the evening would guard with drawn revolver, seated upon a restive broncho, or Indian pony. He mined in Spanish Bar, along the Platte and Cherry Creeks, and in upper Clear Creek, but not with much success. He was Secretary of the Chess Club of Auraria, which flourished the first year or two. He came to Denver from Nebraska Territory to which he had emigrated in 1856. An excellent review of his many activities may be found in Smiley’s History of Denver, with portrait on page 324. Other biographies recorded in Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Colorado A.F. & A.M. (see) and in several histories of the State. He was prominent socially too, for on Sep 15, 1859 he was on the invitation committee of the Opening Ball of Apollo Hall. In files of 1862 I find the following wedding: Married, Apr 14, 1862, Andrew Sagendorf to Mrs. Eliza D. McCook, at residence of William N. Byers, by Rev. Kehler. Both of Denver.

SAHN, E. S., is witness to deed between the Auraria Town Company and John W. Ming, Dec 3, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber A)

ST. CHARLES CITY, was promoted by seceders from the Lawrence Party who did not like the location of Montana City, and on Sep 28, 1858 drove the first stakes in the new place, Charles Nichols laying down four logs for a cabin. The district was on east side of creek between Larimer and Lawrence, and E. and F. Streets, but platted farther out all around. Its name is said to have been changed once to Golden City, and then back again to St. Charles, which name had been given by Nichols, and for his former home in St. Charles, Missouri. The original Town Company included: Adnah French (portrait in Smiley’s History of Denver, p. 199), John A. Churchill (portrait on p. 203, same), William Hartley, William Smith, Charles Nichols, John Smith, T. C. Dickson (crossed plains with Russell Party), and William McGaa. The constitution of the St. Charles Association is said to be one of the earliest documents in Colorado settlement history. The locating party returned to Missouri after starting it, and naming the City, and while there were absent the site was “jumped” by the Denver City Town Company, whose City still survives.

ST. JAMES, L. B., miner, 1859, was on Sep 8 grantor of lots and with Boggs was in partnership during this year in Denver, and Auraria “merchants handling gold dust” advertized frequently in RMN and other early papers. The firm of St. James & St. Vrain was also very prominent, same year. (Ceran St. Vrain – see.)

ST. LOUIS TUNNELLING COMPANY, Gregory Diggings ’59. (See Chambers & Company)

ST. MATTHEWS, J. H., was member of the Shiann Pass Town Company 1859, and stockholder in the Golden City Association same year, and was nominated for Governor also, at the Convention. He appears in Golden Land Records, as grantor, Nov 12 of this year, (being then “of Golden”) to D. D. McIlroy of same place, for consideration of $250, lot 1, block 4, and lot 12, block 5, both lots on south side Vasquez Fork (Clear Creek) in Golden City, “numbered on a plat of the townsite and filed for record Jan 11, 1860. Thomas Sours is associated with McIlvoy here, and is also represented as “being of Golden City.” The witnesses were James Snow and George L. Luce. (Jefferson County Land Records, Index)

ST. VRAIN, Ceran, in spring of 1859 the RMN, p.?, Apr 23, 1859, notes the arrival of Col. C. St. Vrain and his train of 26 wagons from New Mexico (provisions, etc.). History informs us that he was of Taos and had been Lieut. Col. of a Regiment raised to fight the Apaches, and he was with them as guide and chief of Scouts, and they made a long campaign. He came from New Mexico and with St. James made trading for supplies in Denver and Auraria, also handling gold dust. His life is most interesting and romantic. He had been with the earlier of the fur traders and trappers, in 1826, the site of Pueblo being one of their stations, then an adobe village. St. Vrain, with Cornelio Vigil owned the Las Animas Land Grant of 4,000,000 acres, conveyed to them in 1844 by the Mexican Government, lying in the beautiful valley of the Huerfano, and of the Apishapa, Purgatoire Rivers and their tributaries, and after the death of Vigil, St. Vrain appeared as manager of the vast estate before the United States Government seeking titles, etc. The Fort St. Vrain is named for this picturesque character, who is said to have died at Mora, New Mexico 1870.

ST. VRAIN, Edward, appears as witness in Denver Land Records, Sep 13, 1859.

ST. VRAIN FORT, founded, according to F. Hall circa 1840, but now gone, situated down the Platte River some distance below Fort Lupton. It was formed of cottonwood logs it is said, and garrisoned by hunters and trappers: food supplies and arms were stored here as at the other three Forts on the Platte, Vasquez, Lancester and Lupton.

ST. VRAIN, GOLDEN CITY AND COLORADO WAGON ROAD, incorporated Dec 1859 to build toll road between Fort St. Vrain, by way of Golden City, to Saratoga West, in the Blue Fork. The members of the original company are published in the Western Mountaineer, Dec 14, Golden:

  • John W. McIntyre, President
  • John M. Ferrill, Vice President
  • Harry Gunnell, Secretary 
  • T. P. Boyd, Treasurer
  • Daniel McCleery, Superintendent
  • S. G. Jones, Engineer
  • Directors Eli Carter, D. K. Wall, Walter Pollard, R. T. Davis, A. B. Hall, J. H. King,

                --- Fisk.

Later in December, same year, a branch road from this was incorporated by R. W. Bradford and others, to go over the Range of Divide from the western line of the Bradford Town site (Jefferson County Land Records, Liber D, p. 147, Feb 1860) A map of this road and branch is in Western Mountaineer, p. 4, Golden.


ST. VRAIN, Marcellus, said to have been an arrival of 1858 in South Colorado.

SALOMON, Fred Z., born Poland, Apr 10, 1830, arrived Denver Jun 20, 1859. He was from New Mexico as the Masonic Lodge with which he was connected before joining Auraria Lodge in Auraria was No. 109 of Santa Fe. In the first year he had a frame store in Auraria, corner of Larimer and what is now called 11th Street, which he moved to build the brick building later called the Lindell Hotel. In addition to being Treasurer of Auraria Lodge during this year he was a member of the Chess Club, whose meetings were always announced in the paper.

SALOMON, H. Z., mining Tarryall, during summer 1859, arrived Feb 15, same year, and was a native of Prussia, born Sep 1832. Another of name (?) T. Z. Salomon, was of firm of Ming and Salomon, operating as freighter, a train of wagons to the Blue River District. Also a firm of Salomon & Tascher started brewery in Auraria, probably same family. (?)

SAMPSON, ---, of Chicago, accompanied Jackson on his prospecting trip in 1859.

SANDER, C. L., witness, Auraria, deed Jan 3, 1860. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

SANDERLIN, Ed J., born Louisiana Sep 14, 1835, arrived goldfields Jun 11, 1859, and had in Directory of 1859 a barber shop on McGaa Street, Denver. His name appears in Arapahoe County Land Records in December of this year, as grantee of lots. Sanderlin & Stiles is a firm whose existence may have been brief. (J. C. Stiles)

SANDERLIN, Georgiana, is grantee, Oct 5 of the year, from John M. M. Larimer “of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory,” (her residence not stated, but probably of Denver?) of lot 11, block 69, Denver City. (Filed for record Arapahoe Land Office, same date.) Jan 21, 1860 she is again grantee of lots (place not stated) from B. F. Jeffries. Witness: James White.

SANDERS, J. B., an “experienced Mountain man” accompanied party Apr 23, 1859. (Mentioned from clipping.) May be same above.

SANDERS, James C. (Jim), an arrival of 1858 and original stockholder of Auraria. In this year he is with Tom Golden and Jackson at Golden City, and also lived at Arapahoe City (or Village). He is a grantee of Denver lots later, from Oscar B. Totten “to be taken at the Drawing, Denver” Apr 12, 1859, and on Aug 29 he is a grantee of lots from William Clancy, but previous to these trades he had land not recorded, for he is grantor Apr 7, same year, with William Roland. This is described as situated on Platte River, 15 miles from Auraria. He also had claim near Sanders’ Ranche. (Liber F, p. 631) The following marriage is found in files of RMN, Mar 1, 1866: “ Mr. J. C. Sanders and Miss Matilda Halstead, both of Arapahoe County, were married at residence of Col. J. D. Henderson, 15 miles below this city by the Rev. J. H. Kehler, and a merry dance followed.”

SANDERS RANCHE, was a very fine place for pioneer days, referred to often, and was a political precinct having representation in the first Constitutional Convention of 1859. It was about 15 miles below Denver on Platte River, and advertized in papers as place for boarding of stock, etc. Sold Apr 7 by Sanders and Roland to Henderson & Brierly.

SANDERSON, John S., member Society Colorado Pioneers, lived Saguache 1895 and is listed as an arrival of Oct 1858. Born Vermont 1834. Lived Denver when Hall’s Colorado History was published. Original member Auraria Town Company.

SANDY & COMPANY, firm mining in Illinois Gulch, 1859, also Missouri Flats, four men.

SANFORD, ---, a Texan, mentioned in history as having fought duel with Pemly in Park County, in above year.

SANSON, I., accompanied Byers party with newspaper to Colorado in April of year.

SANSON, J. F., arrived from Muscatine, Iowa, list in RMN during spring. He is later mentioned as a miner at Tarryall Diggings and later the paper informs the public that “Mr. J. F. Sanson leaves for Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.” The firm of Totten, Sanson & Murphy is mentioned during year.

SARATOGA WEST DIGGINGS, on the Blue Fork, very active in 1859.

SARGENT, George A., witness, Aug 7, 1859 to transaction between Milton and Brown, Gregory Diggings. (Gregory Record, Gilpin County)

SARGENT, Nelson, member of first Colorado Pioneers’ Society, which met in Denver, Jun 22, 1866. (RMN) This Society included only arrivals of ’58-’59. Born Brattleboro, Vermont Nov 5, 1811. Arrived Denver May 1, 1859, to take in charge the mails of the Pike’s Peak Express Company, he came via the “Republican Route.” This Company had 100 coaches and 1,000 mules. Sargent owned part of the Gregory mine, it is said, and was afterward Superintendent of the American Mining Company, and other large enterprizes. He built the famous Tremont House in Auraria, and entered hotel business, leased it later, built saw mills, in 1869 leased the American House, and in 1880 started again to live in Gilpin County. While with the Tremont enterprize, it is said he was associated with Bradford, in 1861. (Sergeant & Bradford)

SARPEY, Peter A., was of a St. Louis French family; he was a trader on the frontier before the coming of the gold excitement.

SATTERFIELD, John, of Georgia, arrived in party of Capt. J. D. Graham by Arkansas Route, May 16, 1859. (List in RMN, files, 1859)

SAUTERBAUCH, J., of Golden City, wounded in card game. (RMN)

SAVERY, George, is on list of arrivals published by RMN. Went to Boulder County. Came with Wellman brothers. Another account is of G. F. Savory (so spelled) born Sep 1842 New York, arrived Boulder Aug 1859, accompanied Wellman brothers party. He lived on the Cache la Poudre River this year, probably mining.

SAVILLE, J. J., appears in December of the year as Judge of election, and in 1861 was member Auraria Lodge A.F. & A.M., and in same year Secretary of the newly organized Republican Club, of same city (June). Nov 14, 1859, John J. Saville is District Clerk and buys Denver lots.

SAYRE, Alfred, walked across the plains to Denver, arrived Mar 24, 1860, having spent more than three months along the way, it is said. His wife also was claimed as a Fiftyniner, mentioned in clipping from Denver paper of probably 1881, and it is said that she was a cousin of Miss J. Murray of New York. (?) The second wife of Judge Sayre was sister of Mrs. Armstrong of West Denver. Judge Sayre lived for years at corner of Curtis and Tenth Streets and his large residence was a truly hospitable and elegant home. The picture of this house is shown on p. ---, but it gives no idea of the beautiful cottonwood trees and other adornments now gone. It stood close to Judge Belden’s home, but the latter was much older and dated into the very early sixties, if not into the earliest year, as this was of early growth, while Judge Sayre’s was of frame, which was considered much more elegant and expensive. The reader is referred to the many good histories of Colorado for full information about Alfred Sayre, lawyer and pioneer.

SCHARTER, name in list of Colorado Pioneers Association, arrived Apr 1859, born in England Jun 30, 1830.

SCHERRER, Jacob, born in Paris, France, his father a German, mother of French birth. Arrived Colorado Jul 11, 1859, being a freighter across plains at first, later in livestock business. Emigrated United States 1847, family settled in Washington County, Iowa. Lived in Boulder some time. Married in Denver a daughter of Joseph Marion of Denver.

SCHLIER, George C., a resident of Denver, arrived Nov 1858, born Ohio Jan 4, 1827. (Pioneer’s List of Names) Another account says he was born in Baden, Germany emigrated to United States age 6 years, and lived first at Zanesville, Ohio. 1843 emigrated Cincinnati, Ohio, then worked in manufacture of silk hats in New York City, then made Milwaukee, Wisconsin still in hat trade, then Wyandotte, Kansas Territory, whence he came to goldfields. He is said to have erected, summer of 1859, a two story house in Auraria, one of the first of a size so great ever erected. It was still standing in 1880. Later, he built the three story Schlier Block on Lawrence Street. He owned much real estate, had a block also on Larimer Street, and in 1865 a bridge company was organized, Fox Diefendorf, and Beebe with Schlier, to put a bridge over the Platte, or Cherry Creek. He was a member City Council 1865. There was a David Schlier, who Jan 20, 1860 filed ranche claim “next George Schliers’, 25 miles from Denver,” may be a relative, and very possibly a Fiftyniner, as it took long time to cross the plains, and not many started in January. The George Schlier whose land is mentioned had claim for 160 acres “about 1 mile from Wright Shingle Machine, on the Cherry Creek Road.” Schlier’s both filed same date, Jan 20.

SCHNEIDER, C., lived Denver, born May 27, 1831. Arrived from Kansas Territory Nov 15, 1858.

SCHOOLS, private ones were held earlier, but the meeting to organize a school district and take first measures to build a public school house 13 mentioned on p. 3, RMN, Sep 3, 1859.

SCHROCK, David D., name mentioned in newspaper (clipping not named) as being an arrival of 1859. (?)

SCHUTZ, Jacob, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, arrived Jul 1, 1859 and in 1907 also 1920 lived in Frankstown, Colorado. This may be same as Jacob Schultz, mining at Russellville, same year. (59) (?)

SCHWEIKERT, Philip, barber, in early days, resident of Columbus, Ohio. In 1888 tells Frank Hall in this year how he had shop on Ferry Street, Auraria, nearly opposite RMN office. He arrived with the party which founded City of Montana in 1858, but left it for Denver. Montana was several miles farther up the Platte than Auraria.

SCOFIELD, William, companion of George A. Jackson at Cherry Creek and in mountains on his famous prospecting trips of 1857-58. (Western Mountaineer, Vol. 1, No. 2)

SCOTT, Mr. ---, of New York, arrived goldfields 1859. (See under L. Rodenstein) Two other Mr. Scotts arrived near same time, and the RMN, probably as usual short of type, could hardly be expected to print their full names, but one was from Nevada, Iowa, the other from Leavenworth. In both cases the arrival was in spring of the year, when RMN joyously commenced the plan of giving all the names of the interesting and now historic persons publicity. Unfortunately, in about a month or a short time thereafter the numbers so increased that capital letters could not be had to do the work, so it had to be abandoned.

SCOTT, F., grantor, mining property, Gregory Diggings. 1859. (Gregory and Mountain City Record)

SCOTT, Graham R., grantor with Hunt, to mining claim in Gregory Diggings, recorded at Mountain City, Sep 29, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 10)

SCOTT, J. C., his train from Missouri, 76 men, 9 wagons, and 2 hand cars, arrived Denver May 10 of year above, by the Leavenworth & Pike’s Peak Express Route, and left on 12th for Jefferson Diggings. (RMN)

SCOTT, J. W., head of wagon train arriving Denver summer 1859. (RMN)

SCOTT, James D., discovered, 1858, the Scott Lead, near Gold Hill, in Boulder District. (Mentioned in History.)

SCOTT, John, mentioned as a pupil at one of the first private small schools in Auraria in 1859. Also Mary Scott, and Samuel Scott.

SCOTT, M. W., (See under name of N. A. Adams) arrived same year, 1859.

SCOTT, Nathan B., age 16 in 1859, when he drove team for Henderson & Gridley to the Gregory Claims. Afterward became prominent in West Virginia politics.

SCOTT, Walter, arrived from Leavenworth in wagon train, spring 1859, by Platte Route. He passed 1500 wagons “going back to the States.”

SCOURFIELD, W., mentioned in RMN during 1859 as living in Boulder. (May be misspelling of name just above?) Firm Scourfield & Goodwin.

SCOVILLE, William, (see also Scofield?) See under D. D. Taylor. (RMN, May 1859)

SCUDDER, John, member of Auraria Town Company, and early resident of Denver, living in 1859 in Auraria, where on Jul 28 of this year he is grantor to James B. Reed of Denver, all his rights, titles or shares in Denver City lots. On Dec 18 he, with Reed, Harris, Dahler, and Pollock, grant to William Smith and Company right to erect bridge over Platte at foot of Cherry Street, the same to be finished by the 1st of May, next coming. On Dec 27 he is grantor of Denver lots again, but went to Salt Lake, though he afterward returned. (See Apr and May files of RMN for his further affairs, during 1859.)

SEARS, George, of firm of C. B. Clark & Company, operating Quartz Mill at Mountain City, Gregory Diggings, also owning shingle and saw mill 1859.

SEARS, Jasper P., born Marion County, Ohio, 1838. Trader with Sioux Indians in Minnesota, is said to have started to Pike’s Peak in Sep 1858, but did not arrive until the following year, in September, in train of 10 ox teams. Was very ill enroute. Opened store with C. A. Cook, corner Lawrence and F. Streets, loaned money, thus becoming soon a banker, then in real estate business and mining. In Bancroft’s History of Colorado it is stated that he made a fortune on government contracts. Jasper P. Sear, Jr., is noted as a witness to deed in Auraria Oct 18, 1859. This could not have been his son, so it is probable that his father was also of this name. (?) (Bancroft, Vol. 25, p. 384)

SEAVEY, Mason L., arrived Jun 20, 1859 and has always resided Denver. Married Ella, daughter of Harpin Davis of Jefferson County, and left family. He was born in Maine Dec 10, 1840.

SECHELS, John, witness Oct 3, 1859, Mountain City, to deed to claims in Gregory Gulch. (Gregory Record, 1859, Central City)

SECHREST, E. G., (also spelled Seachrest) delegate from City and precinct of Golden Gate, to first Constitutional Convention 1859.

SEEMAN, C. R., had Livery business in Denver (Directory) at McGaa Street ’59. He was also grantee of lots during year. (Land Records)

SEEMAN, Joseph H., an Express package advertized for him in RMN during 1859 Denver.

SEEMAN, Joshua, of Ohio, arrived with Capt. J. W. Henderson’s train May 16, 1859. (See this for some of his companions) (See also Seaman)

SEERES, Arthur E., witness, Auraria, Dec 2, 1859 to land deed between Auraria Town Company and C. S. Sawyer. (or Semper?) (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber F, p. 520)

SELAK, Albert, arrived May 8, 1859, and name in list of Pioneers’ Society of Colorado marked “deceased.” Name also spelled Selack.

SELLERS, A., carpenter and cabinet maker, Curtis Street. (Directory of 1859)

SELLIER, John, grantor of lot 11, block 7, Auraria, Sep 1, 1859. (Land Records)

SELLS, J. E., was Territorial Representative Elect. (Provisional Government) 11th District 1859. (RMN, files)

SEMPER, C. S., of New Orleans, arrived Denver via Platte Route (40 days) May 1859. This may be same as Charles S. Semper (Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563) Arrived April of that year. Born England Jan 30, 1830. He was a printer on Ferry Street and worked on the RMN, and is said to have set type on the first number on Dec 2. He is grantee from Auraria Town Company, consideration $1, four Auraria lots. (Filed for record Jul 13, 1860, Liber F, p. 530.) Another deal, Nov 4, four lots.

SEVENTEEN MILE GULCH, a locality where prospecting and mining was carried on.

SEVILLE, J. J., was S. Warden Auraria Lodge, A.F. & A.M. 1859, and petitions the Grand Lodge of Kansas to give recommendation for establishing Auraria Lodge. (See under Saville, p. 237, ib)

SHAFER, David, is grantee, also grantor in this year, the last in Nov 2, to Fosdick & Cheever.

SHAFER, John B., arrived Apr 11, 1859, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. (Died)

SHAFER & COMPANY, mining in Russell’s Gulch 1859 with nine men. (RMN)

SHAFFEE, (also spelled Chaffee), Archie, formerly of Akron, Ohio, died in Denver City Oct 15, 1859.

SHAFFER, B. F., from Pennsylvania 1859, carpenter, went to Arkansas Valley.

SHAFFER, D., 8th District, in 1859 Territorial Councilman elect. (Provisional Government) One of name is referred to as mining during year in Pleasant Valley.

SHAFFER, J. R., representing Merrysville in Constitutional Convention to form Provisional Government 1859.

SHAFFER, J. R., of St. Louis, delivered the Fourth of July oration at the first celebration of this day in the City of Auraria, the large cottonwood grove at mouth of Cherry Creek being the scene of the festivities, which included music, speaking, large procession, and of course an out of door dinner. (Mentioned RMN, files)

SHAFFER, SHOEFER and SHAFER, J. M., delegate in Jun 1859 to first Constitutional Convention from Fountain City. One of name was surveyor of farm claims in Dec 1859, Arapahoe County. In June, same year, he was delegate from Fountain City to Constitutional Convention. As Civil Engineer he had office on Blake Street, Denver

SHANK, Dr. J. L., arrived from Running Waters, Nebraska Territory, formerly from Hagerstown, Maryland. He was wounded by Utes in mountains. Miner. (RMN)

SHANK & COMPANY, mining, Russell’s Gulch, mentioned in files of 1859.

SHANK, Jacob S., resided Denver, arrived Jul 4, 1859. Was born Pennsylvania Nov 28, 1832. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society.

SHANK, Dr. S. D., killed by Indians in South Park, Jun 26, 1859. A party formed at Mountain City to search for his body, together with that of his companion Kennedy. (See under Kennedy) The searchers found place of the murder, but Dr. Shank’s body had seemingly been dragged by beasts, but some parts of his equipment being found, they later discovered the body, scalped, near a great rock. Mountain Joe, who was of the party, said a deed done by the Cheyennes. The body was buried, stake placed with inscription, and initials cut on tree. The inscription was “Killed by Indians.” (RMN, files, June-July)

SHANLEY, J. H., member of the Mammoth Quartz Mining Company 1859.

SHANLEY, John J., stockholder of Auraria Town Company Nov 1, 1858, and acting Secretary, in the next year, Oct 4, which office he held in 1860. In the Business Directory of 1859 he is styled Recorder, and during the year he was Assistant Clerk of the Constitutional Convention for forming Provisional Government.

SHANNON, ---, of firm of Manlove, Shannon & Company, mining in 1859 in Russell Gulch.

SHARP, E. B., an arrival of 1858, and original stockholder of Auraria Town Company. Sharp & Company (may be same?), three men, mining in Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats 1859. Among the deaths in the RMN during 1862 is that of Orlando S. Sharp (relative of above?) died at Planters’ Hotel Dec 1 of that year. He was from Gouverneur, New York.

SHAW, ---, mention of his farm claim on Cherry Creek, Dec 1859, adj. claim of Mr. Holcomb.

SHAW, D. D., lived Denver, member Colorado Pioneers’ Association. Born Canada 1828, arrived goldfields May 28, 1859.

SHAW, G. W., in Directory of Denver and Auraria 1859, he had butchering business on Blake Street. (Member of firm of Shaw and Murphy.)

SHAW, John H., member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, arrived May 22, 1859. Resided Del Norte in 1920 and earlier. Mining firm of Shaw, Storks & Company were washing gold in Russell’s Gulch summer of 1859 with nine men.

SHAW, John W., “Came to Colorado 1859, and later brought out his family.” (Quoted from clipping.)

SHAW, Joseph, arrived from St. Louis with Lone Star Company May 22, 1859. They travelled by Smoky Hill Route. (RMN, files)

SHEA, John, was hung by the Vigilantes in Platte Bottoms, 1859. (RMN) Cattle rustler.

SHEAL, John, witness, Auraria lot transfer, Oct 29, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

SHEAR, John, from Putnam, Washington County, New York, a miner of Gregory Diggings 1859. He was delegate to the Constitutional Convention from Sanders’ Ranche precinct, and later Territorial Councilman elect from the 6th District. (RMN, files)

SHEARS, James, member of Shiann Pass Town Company 1859. Shears & Company (formerly of Fort Calhoun, Nebraska) were mining this year in Gregory Diggings.

SHELBY, Dan, (Shelly?) had farm claim on Ralston Creek, near claim of McNana, later another claim by N. Ferris Jan 23, 1860. (This is very likely an arrival of 1859)

SHELBY, U. S. (or V. S.?) born Tennessee Feb 5, 1827, arrived Colorado Jul 18, 1859. Sep 1 of this year he is grantee to lot 11, block 7, Auraria. He was not deceased in 1890, date of publication of Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563.

SHEPHERD, G., arrived Apr 14, 1859 with Capt. William Valentine’s train of six wagons, and party from La Salle, Illinois, 32 days from St. Joseph. This pioneer has the honor to be chronicled in the famous Cherry Creek Pioneer, Vol. 1, No. 1, published Apr 23 of year. (Only existing copy in Colorado Historical Society Library.)

SHEPHERD & COMPANY, two men, mining in Nevada Gulch this year. (RMN)

SHERER, Philip, one of the stockholders in Auraria Town Company, arrived 1858. He is grantee from Auraria Town Company Nov 5, 1859, consideration $1, city lots 24 in number. (Land Records, Auraria Town Company, see Index)

SHERMAN, ---, arrived May 5, 1859 (RMN) A study of the files makes it seem probable that this was John H. Sherman, below.

SHERMAN, J. H., was from Nebraska Territory and was council for Wood when he was tried by the Vigilantes in same year (see Wood in files of this year for trial). The following appears in Colorado Republican, files, Aug 24, 1861. Died: Aug 23, Judge John H. Sherman, of this City (Denver). The funeral will take place at four o’clock this afternoon from the residence of deceased. (See Hall’s Colorado History, pp. 240-41, for trial, etc. of Gordon who had J. H. Wood for council. This preceded Wood’s trial.)

SHERMAN, William, had claim on Fisk Lode, Gregory Diggings, Oct 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 16) This name also occurs in list in same record book, at end of the volume with the following note: “$1, not paid.”

SHERMAN, FOWL & COMPANY, immigrant train from Lee County, Illinois, arrived May 11, 1859 with two wagons and seven men, all well. 35 days from home, 30 days from Missouri River, via Platte Route. In same copy or a few days afterward, the name of Ben Sherman, from Vermont, and three brothers, Farwell of Illinois, (Amboy, Illinois) are chronicled by RMN as arriving same date as party above. (Same party?) (From Nebraska Territory)

SHIANN PASS, a mining camp of this year and later.

SHIELDS, Mr., and family, from De Soto, Nebraska, arrived. (See under D. D. Stout.)

SHIELDS (also spelled Shealds), Richard, owns lots in blocks 51, 68, and 110, date Aug 23, 1859. He sells lot 7, block 68, Feb 7, 1860. He is noted as R. Shield in one account as mining in Nevada Gulch, with two men. On Jan 26, 1860 Richard (X) Shields, and Nancy (X) Shields of Denver, sell to Ellen Ross of same place, consideration $50, a lot, or tract of land in Denver. Nancy Shields has ownership of her Denver lots certified in first year, Aug 23, 1859. They are described as lot 27, block 172, lot 18, block 210, lot 29, block 39, and lot 19, block 91, all in Denver City, Kansas Territory. (Liber B, p. 66, old) Other transactions from Land Records). R. Shields lived between 4th and 5th on Cherry Street.

SHIELDS, John, of Denver, sells, Jul 5, 1859 lots 9-10 on Blake Street, corner of D. Street.

SHINDEL, Edw. P., arrived May 18, 1859. Lived Denver, was member of the Colorado Pioneers’ Society, the above date from one of their lists.

SHINNEMAN, Joseph, arrived Jul 4, 1859. Was member Colorado Pioneers’ Society noted as deceased, but place not stated.

SHONHING, E. H., was on Nov 8, 1859 a witness to deed in Auraria. (Land Records)

SHOOG & COMPANY, mining on Maryland Lode, summer 1859, averaged $100 a day sluicing for three months. (This is either from Hollister or the files of RMN.) Maryland Lode was not very far from Gregory.

SHORES, J. W. M., had farm claim, either located or filed Nov 1859, and described as being on Platte River, 13 miles from Denver City, 160 acres. (See Arapahoe County Land Records, Index to grantors.)

SHORT, Thomas R., (also T. R. Short) files certificate of claim, Jun 15, 1859 “on which I am now building.” (Described as in Jefferson County “on Montana Creek”) 160 acres. Later, Nov 23 with M. F. Robinson he buys ranche claim south of Golden. (Jefferson County Land Records, Liber A, p. 27) This may be same party as F. R. Short, member Golden City Association. (Record Book, p. 90 of this Association)

SHORTRIDGE, W. T., said to have been first assessor of Arapahoe County and arrival of 1859, now living in Fort Collins (1890). (Clipping)

SHORTS & COLLIER, were mining in Gregory Diggings during summer 1859.

SHOUP, J. M., mentioned in connection with S. Shoup, Gregory Record, p. 49, Oct 3, 1859.

SHOUP, John, Mountain City 1859, see below.

SHOUP, S., mentioned in file RMN 1859 as “wanting to prospect in Middle Park.” This is probably Solomon Shoup, who on Oct 27, 1859 files claim to grants of land on Denver, Auraria & Colorado Wagon Road, where said road first strikes the north branch of the South Platte River. Filed Nov 2, same year. On Dec 10, his name appears as an incorporator of the Road mentioned above. S. Shoup and John Shoup are grantors, Mountain City, Sep 20, same year. (Gregory Record, p. 23)

SHUBRING, F. H., listed as “blacksmith” in Auraria, on Front Street. (Mss. Business Directory, 1859)

SHUEEY & COMPANY, mining claim on Maryland Lode, ½ mile north of Gregory’s.

SHUTE, Rufus, of Arkansas Valley 1859, cattle man. (New York State)

SIBLEY, A. S. & COMPANY, witness deed at Mountain City, Oct 3, same year below. (Gregory Record, p. 34)

SIBLEY & BUHLER, arrived in team from Kankakee, Illinois May 11, 1859. (RMN)

SIGGINS, B. B. (Liggins?), name in list of ten at back of Gregory Record. “Paid, Jul 25, $1, C.C.P.” This may be list of ’59 persons (?).

SIGLER, W. F., member elect to Constitutional Convention Denver 1859, delegate from Eureka.

SILLS, J. C., grantee, Denver lots, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records, see Index.)

SILVENS, William, RMN, an express package for him 1859.

SILVERTHORNE, Marshall, deceased 1890, date of publication Hall’s Colorado History who gives his birth as Sep 15, 1811 in New Jersey, arrived in May 17, 1859 Colorado. In the biography of Mrs. Charles A. Finding, p. 50, Colorado Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 1, it is stated that he returned to Pennsylvania for family, arriving with them May 18, 1860. One of his daughters married Charles A. Finding, another is said to have married Joseph Wilson. M. Silverthorne’s home was in Breckenridge.

SIMINOE, Noel, mentioned in diary of George A. Jackson, Jan 20, 1859, at which date his party, Ned Wynkoop, Jim Sanders and himself spent night at Noel’s Lodge at mouth of St. Vrain. (Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 521)

SIMMONS (of firm of Foote & Simmons, from Chicago) mining same summer at Gregory’s.

SIMMONS, George M. (of Chicago), miner, Gregory Diggings. (RMN, 1859)

SIMMONS, Peter A., resided Denver 1907 (name in Pioneers’ booklet list), birth not dated, but arrival given as Sep 18, 1859.

SIMMONS, Philander, said to have accompanied Green Russell’s party to goldfields in 1858, was with them at Bent’s Fort and elsewhere, in gold placer mining, and camped on the site of Denver.

SIMMONS, Mr. T. H., “leaves Golden this week” (Jan 11, 1860) for his home in Brighton, Illinois. “He is suspected of intending to increase the number of ladies of Golden on his return.” T. H. Simmons (probably same) was a member of the first Masonic Lodge there, in 1860, his name appeared as a candidate in list. He was expected to return in the following March. (?)

SIMMONS & COMPANY, mining summer of 1859, Nevada District. (RMN)

SIMMS, J. G., (col’d) barber shop and saloon on Larimer Street, 1859.

SIMMS, James G., received certificate for or of his ownership of lots 17, block 36 and 31, block 160, Denver City, Aug 23, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

SIMONS, N., witness of deed between Hurlbut and Russell, Sep 12, 1859. Recorded Oct 1, claim in Gregory Record.

SIMPSON, Carson D., died Central City Jun 18, 1859. (In List of Pioneers, Gilpin County, mentioned as being son of Mrs. Lyman Blood. Probably remarried to Lyman Blood.)

SIMPSON, D., also L. D., of Tennessee, arrived in Wagon 3 of E. Doty’s Lightning Express of 10 wagons May 22, 1859. (See under Doty.)

SIMPSON, George L., of Trinidad (1922) said to have arrived Colorado 1840 from St. Louis. Mrs. Isabella G. Beard, it is said, was his daughter born in 1844 on Hardscrabble.

SIMPSON, James, files notice of his ownership of Denver lots Aug 23, 1859.

SIMPSON, L. D., arrived with D. Simpson from Tennessee spring 1859. (RMN, list)

SIMPSON, N. P., is grantee Jan 11, 1860 of Denver lots (probable resident). Notice of his arrival from Pennsylvania May 22, 1859, in Wagon 2 of Doty’s Lightning train of 10 wagons. (See under Doty also) (RMN, List of Arrivals)

SIMPSON, W. C., grantee (of Golden City), from William H. Morgan claim in Mountain City, filed for record on above date. (Jefferson County Land Records) W. C. Simpson also in list of shareholders in Golden City Association, 1860, this Record, Golden Land Office, p. 15.

SIMPSON, William, lived in Mountain City 1859. (RMN)

SIRVIN, T., from St. Louis, by Smoky Hill Route, arrived May 29, in the year, left Leavenworth Apr 21, 14 persons in party. (RMN)

SISTY, W. E., (Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563) born Pennsylvania Sep 29, 1827, arrived Colorado May 1859. Lived 1890 Brookvale, Colorado. In the files of same year of arrival we find him living in Auraria or Denver. Deputy Sheriff Feb 21 (certifies on this date) and also a candidate for Marshall.

SKELLY, Mr. Daniel, mentioned in files of 1859 as reporting on Indians having arrived from head waters of the Colorado River.

SKERRITT, Thomas, born King’s County, Ireland, Aug 16, 1828 (another account says 1820), immigrated 1848 to United States and Canada, his father being in Michigan, the family went there first. He travelled with an uncle who had maintained him in Ireland. He farmed in Canada, lived Chicago, then back to Michigan and married Miss Mary K. Skerritt (eight children all born Colorado). Arrived Colorado Jun 2, 1859 (Hall), went to Central City where his wife was one of first white women in place, then Breckenridge, and in autumn 1859 took land on Platte, but lost all in flood of 1864, and he sold to Peter Magnus, and bought another farm where he was very prosperous in 1880. There is, in Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563, a note of his being pioneer and just under his name appears name of T. M. Skerritt, who is said to have arrived Colorado same date as Thomas Skerritt, above (Jun 2, 1859) but who was not born until May 24, 1860. This may be his son, who of course would be a pioneer also, born in the place. There is a mistake either in the year of birth of T. M. Skerritt or else in the date of his arrival in Colorado. (?)

SKINNER, J. W., legally authorized agent of the Wisconsin Lumber Company, signs paper in Auraria 1859. His name appears in the little Mss. Business Directory of this year, but not in the Directory of 1866 following. He may have moved to Central for there is notice of a wedding there: At the Veranda, in this City, by Rev. George W. Warner, Mr. J. W. Skinner to Miss R. E. Gibson, all of Empire City, Dec 31, 1862. (Tri-Weekly Mining Register, Jan 2, 1863, Central City) Note: The Veranda was a very new and elegant two story frame hotel where the wealth and fashion of Central much did congregate in the early days after its erection.

SLADE, C. P., born New York, May 30, 1832, arrived Jul 12, 1859, lived Caribou in 1890, was member then of Colorado Pioneers’ Society, but deceased. In a History of Boulder it is said that a Mr. Slade arrived there with the Wellman brothers in year 1859.

SLAINE, A., was an original member of Auraria Town Company, living in 1895 in Saguache, Colorado. Andrew Slaine arrived by Plattsmouth Nebraska Company train of wagons Oct 24, 1858.

SLATE, William, came to Colorado 1859, living some time in vicinity of Golden, Jefferson County, where he took up ranche claim. Mr. Slate settled here and married Clarissa Chesley (who was an arrival of 1861 or 1862). His daughter, Sarah A. Slate, married 1st James W. Clayton, of Central City, who died, and she married 2nd Allison A. Cheeley, a Virginian who lived many years in Fort Lupton, both are now deceased. Mr. William Slate had no grandchildren by the first marriage of his daughter Sarah, but by the second was born Ella Cheeley, who married Clerence B. Frink. They lived in Fort Lupton, Larkspur, and later in Denver. The Frinks have had five children, all great grandchildren of the pioneer. Their names are Eugene H., Douglas (died Larkspur, Colorado), Genevieve, Clarence, (Jr. died in infancy), Robert.

SLATER, Abraham, arrived Jun 14, 1859, lived in Golden, had property there. (Liber A, p. 15) He was living 1907, his name being in a pioneer’s list of members as residents of Denver.

SLATER, S. S., born New York May 22, 1831, arrived Colorado Jul 4, 1859. (Hall Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563) In Directory of 1866, Denver, he is still living there, at the Pacific House (Freighter) at this time, and in 1890, date of publication of aforesaid History, he is still in Denver.

SLAUGHTER, William M., born Ohio, Jul 25, 1830. Arrived Colorado Oct 15, 1858 with Plattsmouth Nebraska Company, and was an original stockholder of Auraria Town Company. He was a founding member of Auraria Lodge A.F. & A.M. in this year, having held membership before coming in Plattsmouth Lodge No. 6 (Nebraska). He was later Secretary of Auraria Lodge. Was a lawyer, and took some interest in politics, naturally, being conceded a high place in public estimation. He was a delegate, Jun 1 of 1859 (representing Auraria where he lived) to form the first Constitutional Convention, and under the Provisional Government was appointed by Gov. Steele, Presiding Judge of Arapahoe County. In the business world of the goldfields he was also interested, being member and Treasurer of the Shiann Pass Town Company, while living in Auraria, later went to Central City, was Mayor for a time, and in records of Gilpin County, it may be seen that he, with John Hughes and Joseph Casto, pre-empted one block for the purpose of erecting a Masonic Temple. He did some mining, too, though there is no record of his success. In the RMN, Apr 23, 1859, he has a letter from the Dry Creek Diggings, on p. 1 of Vol. 1, No. 1. In 1890 (date of publication Hall’s Colorado History) he is listed as being resident of Leadville. He later removed to Larimer County where he had a farm on the waters of the Big Thompson, trying fruit culture, with varying success. In Watrous’ History Larimer County, p. 302, there is a biography of him, and his death is stated to have taken place near Loveland, of pneumonia. His age was 84 years. He was member of the Larimer County Bar Association. In the files of the Denver Tribune, Jul 7, 1871, there ought to be a portrait of him, and in Smiley’s History there may be one, but Hall seems to have left him out when he illustrated his history. This compiler has seen a published portrait of him somewhere years ago, but has been unable to make the date of it. The following death of his brother should be included in this sketch, (from RMN, Jul 24, 1860): “John R. Slaughter died Jul 22, 1860, a brother of William M. Slaughter of North Denver. He was lately of Albany, Athens County, Ohio, where his family, a wife and three small children, live. Typhoid of ten days duration caused his death. He was taken at Gregory’s and then came to Denver, by coach, four days before death.” He was a recent arrival, death occurred at his brother’s residence. Slaughter was President of the Highlands Town Company, for he signed deed to lots there on Feb 23, 1860, situated in blocks 2 and 45, to Mrs. Martha Slaughter. (Arapahoe County Land Records, see Index) In Nov 12, 1870 issue, the RMN advertizes books to be sold for binding charges, and among them one of W. M. Slaughter, entitled “Perry’s Expedition in China.”

SLOCUM, ---, firm of Foster & Slocum, mining in mountains at Pleasant Valley, is in list of mines and mining in RMN summer 1859.

SLOUGH, John O., is witness to deed, Dec 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

SMALLEY, Newcomb, resident probably of Auraria in above year, as the name of N. Smally is in land record as grantee of Auraria lots at Sheriff’s sale, Oct 26, while Newcomb Smally “of Arapahoe County” is grantee of part of lot 1, block 33, Auraria from R. L. Wooten, Nov 9. Again the name of N. Smalley occurs (as grantor this time) to D. C. Oakes part of lot 12, block 32, Auraria, dated Dec 31. (Liber E, p. 259)

SMITH, A. A., pioneer given with list in Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563. Came Jun 28, 1859 to Colorado, was born Ohio Aug 25, 1829. Leadville was his residence in 1890. There is mention in files of A. A. Smith as mining in Boulder and on Clear Creek Diggings in this first year. Azor A. Smith was a graduate of Rush Medical College, and said to have been surgeon of the 1st Colorado in war of Rebellion. In Legislature 1876, and Post Master, Leadville 1878. Asa Smith, (same party?), was delegate to first Constitutional Convention from Arapahoe City (or Arapahoe Bar, as the miners called it) and files show him to have been Territorial Representative elect in same year from 15th District. He was in Court before Judge Waggoner in May of that year, and he was the last Postmaster of Arapahoe Bar, in Feb 1860. After this date the town was abandoned and soon disappeared.

SMITH, A. C., representative or delegate from Baden to first Constitutional Convention (Asa also?) (See just above) This pioneer appears in list of members as having been born in New York May 18, 1832. He arrived goldfields Feb 17, 1859, and appears in same year in land records. Lived in Denver 1890, as noted in list in Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563.

SMITH, Dr. A. M., Mountain City, delegate to Convention from Illinois Central Diggings, 1859 and resident of Mountain City, this year. (A. M. Smith, M. D.)

SMITH, Adam, arrived Colorado Jan 20, 1859, member Society Colorado Pioneers and in list of 1920 when his residence was noted as in Castle Rock, Douglas County. Born Illinois Nov 25, 1834.

SMITH, Andrew J., Nov 1, 1859, was stockholder of Auraria Town Company, and was secretary at first meeting of citizens to form plan for City of Auraria. This was also in 1858. This meeting was in November and Smith was selected to act as delegate to the Kansas Legislature to have a new county, Arapahoe, organized under the government of Kansas. He was not allowed to speak to the legislature, it is said, but Gov. Denver, seeing the seriousness of the situation, took the matter up and without waiting for the Legislature to act, appointed commissioners who at once went to work. (See Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 1, p. 208, etc.)

SMITH, Augustus, mentioned in Gregory Record, p. 42, as having bought claim of R. R. Ream in Gregory Diggings, same year.

SMITH, B., said to have built 2nd house in Golden City. Was an Ensign in Colorado National Guard. Lived in Golden early in 1859. Ensign B. Smith is said, in History of Clear Creek Valley, to have visited Santa Fe in 1835 with his family from Missouri. He started in 1854 to California, but gave it up and came to Pike’s Peak instead. After building a house in Golden, he started the first hotel that town ever had, and in 1860 moved to Blackhawk and erected a stamp mill. Then moved to Buckskin Joe and erected the 2nd mill. Then back in Golden City keeping hotel again. In 1863 built Clear Creek Wagon Road together with his brother and Mr. Loveland, of Golden. Ensign B. Smith was said to have been a grandson of James Purdy. His native state was New York, where he was born Feb 21, 1807, at North Norwich. He died some time after 1880.

SMITH, C. D., had claim in Gregory Diggings Oct 3, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 48)

SMITH, C. F., express package advertized for him in RMN, 1859.

SMITH, C. L., form New York, arrived Denver May 22, above year, with the Lone Star Company by Smoky Hill Route. (RMN, list)

SMITH, C. W., had ranche, which he located Jul 19, 1859 in Clear Creek. “Bottom” (valley) Jefferson County, 160 acres, northeast corner of N. L. Witcher’s land.

SMITH, Caleb, said to have been as early as 1859 in South Park District. (Name from List of Pioneers mentioned in an old clipping.)

SMITH, Charles, name in Arapahoe County Land Records, old, ’59 as owner of lots.

SMITH, Cyrus, arrived 1858, in same party with George C. Schlier. (See.)

SMITH, Elisha P., arrived Denver Jun 4, 1859. (RMN)

SMITH, George W., arrived mouth of Cherry Creek in 2nd wagon of train of 11 wagons bringing the famous Lawrence Party carrying supplies to the goldfields. He is said to have been Captain of the Night Guard on this memorable trip. (1858)

SMITH, H. G., witness to deed between Whitsell and Steck, Denver, Aug 20, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

SMITH, H. P. A., said to be Henry P. A. Smith, when written out in full though he always signed with the three initials. He was a lawyer and Judge, always most prominent and highly esteemed, but not nearly so well known at this day as many others who were of much less importance in the early days. He arrived with the Lecompton Party 1858, was Secretary of Denver City Town Company, Director, as well as stockholder. He was a member of the first Constitutional Convention Jun 1859, but protested against a Provisional Government being established, believing, as did many others, that Kansas could furnish the laws and govern the place quite well as one of her counties. But the goldfields were too well filled up with aspiring politicians for this kind of doctrine to satisfy very many, so the Provisional Government carried the day, was established, and new offices bloomed in all directions, although Judge Smith always maintained they had no real authority for existence.

He is said to have delivered a very fine oration on the first “Fourth of July” (1859) in Mountain City, Gregory Diggings, he being then attorney for the Mammoth Quartz Lead Company of Helena City. He was Secretary of the first Masonic Lodge in the goldfields, at Auraria City, meeting under dispensation of Kansas Grand Lodge, at place on Cherry Street, between 2nd and 3rd Streets. He had a number of Denver lots, some of them being recorded in Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber F, p. 625.

He was a Democrat, campaigned for Douglas and “laid out Lincoln” at a grand rally of this party in Golden City, and at Nevada City in front of Squire Martin’s store. (Western Mountaineer, Jul 20, 1860) On Dec 1, 1870, RMN has both notice of his death, also editorial: “Died Nov 20 in Helena, Montana, Judge H. P. A. Smith, in the fiftyfirst year of his age.”

The editorial states that Judge Smith lived most of his life as resident of Gilpin County, was prominent in law practice, politics, and was an amateur actor, the character of Iago being his favorite. He went to dwell in Montana in early time of that Territory, then moved to Arizona, but afterward returned to Helena, Montana where his death occurred. (RMN, p. 4, 1870)

SMITH, Henry A., member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, name in Members List of 1920, living at time in Denver, said to have arrived 1859.

SMITH, Henry J., witness of deed between Stout and Barney, Jul 11, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

SMITH, Hugh, said to have lived and mined in Colona, early 1859.

SMITH, J., The RMN chronicles the arrival of several of this name, early in spring, and one wishes still more that type had not been so scarce in the Diggings. (Paper also had to be saved and labor was expensive.) J. Smith arrived from Connecticut, J. Smith arrived from Illinois, May 22, in wagon 3 of E. Doty’s Lightning Train of 10 wagons. (See under Doty.) But J. Smith of Connecticut came with D. Boyd (see this). J. Smith & Company had meat market in Auraria, next door to Hickman’s new building on Ferry Street, and J. Smith arrived with J. B. Vandyke (which see). J. Smith was a farmer opposite Denver at north, across Platte River.

SMITH, J. B., elected Chief Justice, Territory of Jefferson (Provisional Government) Oct 22, 1859.

SMITH, Dr. J. W., of Denver, is said to have practiced his profession on arrival in Gregory Mining District. His card first appears in RMN, Nov 10, 1859, and announces that he has “practiced with the best physicians and surgeons in New York City for 25 years,” and in Denver his office is one door east of Apollo Hall, upstairs. He also advertized practice of Dentistry. Dr. J. W. Smith was later Judge of Election. J. W. Smith also appears (probably same?) as witness, signed in margin of Auraria deed between James Douglas and Abraham Jacobs (lot 12, block 9, in City of Auraria) Dec 3, 1859. John W. Smith “for a valuable consideration” is to have lots in Denver City, to the number of 36 “as soon as the drawing is made.” This is in the spring, Mar 6, 1859, and a possibility exists that he may be other than the Dr. J. W. Smith.

SMITH, Jacob, “Uncle Jake Smith” meats, in Auraria City on Ferry Street (probably same J. Smith above?) This problem solved with Directory of Businessmen of 1859, combined with RMN.

SMITH, Jacob, an arrival of 1858, for he located in that year, Nov 5, his claim “recorded 9 A.M. Feb 2 A.D. 1860, in Liber D, p. 225, old, commencing at the big slough, west side of the town of Auraria, 160 acres, foundation laid Dec 1, 1858. Jacob Smith also had 14 Auraria lots, sold in 1860 to Carr.

SMITH, James, of Golden City 1859, originally from Harden County, Illinois.

SMITH, James F., “of Auraria” is grantee, Thomas F. Golden, grantor, (of Golden Gate) lot 6, block 3, Auraria, located on Cherry Creek, having a small house on it. Consideration $300, Nov 8, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records, see Index.)

SMITH, John, a trapper who had a lodge at mouth of Cherry Creek (where Auraria afterward stood) built in 1857, and George A. Jackson (Hall Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 552) in short diary of his prospecting trip, comes to “Old John Smith’s Lodge” where they saw Jack Henderson and John Ming. (Tom Golden and Jim Sanders were with Jackson on this trip.)

SMITH, John, in 1858, a stockholder St. Charles City.

SMITH, John J., “of St. Francis County, Missouri” grantee, Jul 2, 1859, William Cole, grantor, some Denver lots. (Land Records, Arapahoe County, Liber A, p. 207, Oct 6, same year, he is grantee ranche claim on Platte. (Liber D, p. 20), and Oct 15, grantor to Black & Parsons, lots 9-10, block 47, Denver.

SMITH, John S., a Lawrence Party seceder 1858 in helping following year to found St. Charles. He is an Indian Trader, and may be identical with “Old John Smith” above. There is much confusion here among the Smiths, as initials were not always regarded, and “nick-names” used so often. I have John Simpson Smith also as a founder and stockholder of Auraria, 1858, from another history, also John S. Smith as one of Denver City stockholders. The fact is mentioned that John Simpson Smith was an old U. S. interpreter among the Indians. (This surely must be “Old John Smith”?) John S. Smith of Auraria, Mar 20, 1859 is grantor, Hampton L. Boone grantee, to undivided ½ to an original share in Highland City. So it is evident that “Old John Smith” had a hand in all of them. Here we produce him as a founder of St. Charles, Auraria, Denver and the City mentioned above.

SMITH, Josiah, was one of the first settlers of Pueblo, 1859. He returned to States and brought out his family. The name of Pueblo at that time was Fountain. The original Pueblo was built of adobe, and Fountain was on opposite side of stream from the remains of the Mexican and French trapper village. Josiah F. Smith is named in history as the founder of Canon City, Oct 1859, and may be the same person. (?)

SMITH, Julius, an arrival of 1858, for he is given Donation Lots, which go with agreement to build hewed log house.

SMITH, Lewis, (his X mark) located farm claim on Cherry Creek, “5 miles southeast of Denver” (?) in Arapahoe County, 160 acres, Sep 14, 1859. Filed for record in land office Sep 18. Dec 3 he sells this to L. V. Brigham.

SMITH, Marinus G., soldier, farmer, stockman, trader. Born Oneida, New York, May 6, 1819. Lived in Pulaski, New York (tinner), Knox County, Illinois 1838, Warren County, Illinois 1840 (tin and stove ware), ran mail and a stage line later, was under General Wood in Mexican War (Sergeant), then mined in Mexico after war, then back to Illinois (in grain and commission business), and at last, 1859 emigrated Colorado, took homestead near Boulder, married in Mercer County, Illinois Anna M. Woodruff, had eight children, one being Walter A. Smith. Died 1878. (History Boulder Valley)

SMITH, Nick, in 8th wagon of Lawrence Party, 1858, and member of expedition to carry supplies to goldfields from Kansas.

SMITH, O. B., on Sep 20, 1859, “his building on his lots” mentioned in deed to Draw Lots, and his lots 1-2, block 41 “where his building stands” mentioned. On Oct 11, Orion B. Smith is grantor of lots 1-2, block 7, Auraria, to Walter Snell. Could this name be Owen B. Smith?

SMITH, P. A., was a lawyer in list in Directory of 1859, and in a list of surveyors, his name is also placed, same book. (Manuscript)

SMITH, Ransford, “an old California miner” took William N. Byers prospecting in the mountains between Idaho Springs District and Fall River, in May 1859. (Hall Colorado History, Vol. 1, p. 190)

SMITH, Ransom, arrived 1858 with Plattsmouth Nebraska Company, Oct 24. He is said to have discovered the Spanish Bar gold diggings three miles above Idaho Springs in 1859. Ransom P. Smith, “of Auraria” is grantor, Jul 5, 1859, Denver lots to A. C. Graff of Cincinnati, Ohio. (Query: are Ranson Smith, Ransome P. Smith and Ransford Smith the same person?) The RMN, Vol. 1, No. 1, has the following: “R. P. Smith formerly of Plattsmouth, Nebraska Territory, is mining on Dry Creek. (Apr 23, 1859) In a little over three days work, he took out over 42 dollars.” R. P. Smith is grantor of Donation Lots from Auraria Town Company. In Apr 1859, agrees to build hewed log house. R. P. Smith is delegate from Spanish Bar to the first Constitutional Convention in Denver.

SMITH, Stephen, was a founder of Canon City in 1859. (The same has been said of Stephen S. Smith.) Stephen W. Smith, Nov 17, this year, is grantee from A. Sagendorf, lot 3, block 31 on Ferry Street. Consideration $1. On Dec 7, same year, he is granted by Auraria Town Company 17 lots in Auraria (description and numbers of his lots are in Liber E, p. 254, old.

SMITH, T. S., in business Mss. Directory of 1859 has saloon and restaurant in Denver.

SMITH, Thomas, buys various lots, Denver 1859, and is probably same as the Thomas Smith who files farm claim in Jan 1860 “near R. C. Bean’s claim, 40 miles from Denver City, on road to Colorado City, on the first creek south of Plum Creek.”

SMITH, W., had claim on Simmons’ Lode, Gregory Diggings, mentioned Oct 1, 1859 (p. 15, Gregory Record). In a list of Mountain City inhabitants of this year appears name W. Smith.

SMITH, W. N., arrived May 30, 1859, from Clayton, Georgia, two months enroute, by Santa Fe Trail. Ten others in party. (RMN)

SMITH, William, original stockholder of St. Charles City and an arrival of 1858. In following year he of course is granted some Denver lots, and on Dec 14 William Smith (the same?) makes farm claim on Fontaine-que-buille “within the jurisdiction of the El Paso Claim Club.” This adjoins J. E. Wooten’s claim: 160 acres.

The following marriage may be of one or the other of the persons just mentioned:

Married, at the Smith Ranche, on Sep 4, 1860, by Rev. Dr. Rankin, Mr. William Smith to Miss Eliza Branstetter. (Rocky Mountain Herald, Sep 6, 1860) William A. Smith is listed also as an original stockholder of Auraria Town Company, 1858, and on Dec 1, 1859 was sworn in Auraria. Before this, in November, he was grantee of Auraria Town Company lots, one being lot 9, block 65, Auraria. (Note: in 1870 a story and half log house with shed lean-to kitchen stood on rear of this lot and was occupied by a family named Rigo, with relatives named Hanley.) It is back, and little south of the new (1925) Mexican Church.

SMITH, William Wallace, had in year 1859, Donation Lots, with agreement to build hewed log house, to be finished by Mar 1, in that year. The following is from the files of the year mentioned: Died, in Denver City, Jun 13, 1859, William Wallace Smith, formerly of Parkman, Geuga County, Ohio, recently of Omaha, Nebraska Territory, in 29th year of lung fever. “He had every attention in his illness, and his bedside was watched by his brother. His funeral was attended by many friends, to Mt. Prospect Cemetery.”

The Select lots of William Wallace Smith were given to Ransom P. Smith. They were on northwest corner of B. and Lawrence Streets. Ransom P. Smith conveys lots of William Wallace Smith to A. E. Graff of Cincinnati, Ohio, Jul 1859.

SMITH, Winter, mentioned as at Gregory Diggings, during year. (See W. Smith, above?) Winter Smith was a witness in Auraria Jan 16, 1860.

SMITH & ALLEN, four men mining Russell’s Gulch: Smith and Company mining in Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats: Grant, Smith & Company mining in Pleasant Valley: McIntyre, Smith & Company mining, Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats: Smith and Roberts, mining, Russell’s Gulch, all these noticed in RMN, files, 1859.

SMITH & CHUBBUCK, meat market in Denver City, (Directory of 1859) and in same year this firm builds bridge over Platte River at Denver City, to their pioneer farm on opposite bank.

SMOKE, David, of Auraria, Feb 1, 1859, opened his cabin as a Public House. (Location southeast corner Larimer and 10th ) One Mrs. Smoke was here in 1858 in the gold diggings, but left for Montana Territory.

SMOKY HILL ROUTE to the goldfields was by the Republican branches of the Kansas River. It seems to have been about 800 miles long, of which 600 were without track or trail. Dead bodies unburied all the way. May 7, 1859, a party of eight was found, every one dead of starvation. A great deal of the length was without a bit of wood and no water. A good description of this route is in RMN, Sep 6, 1865. (See description, two columns.)

SMYTH, William, Esq., Nov 5, 1859 is grantee from Sam W. Beall, all of Beall’s interest in Colorado City, and requests certificate to him.

SNELL, George W., member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, arrived Jun 1859. (His birth given as New York, Mar 29, 1859?) H. Snell also recorded, but in RMN as an arrival of same year.

SNELL, Walter, was witness, Oct 3, 1859 to deed, Denver or Auraria. He is grantee Oct 11 to lots 1-2, block 7, City of Auraria from O. B. Smith.

SNELL, William, arrived from Elkhorn, Nebraska Territory, spring of 1859. (RMN) There was a William Snell who was a member of the Golden City Association in 1860, possibly same?

SNELL & COMPANY, five men, mining, Russell’s Gulch, summer of 1859. (Note: in Directory of 1866, Denver, G. W. Snell is given as a “speculator, office Champa between E. and Front Streets.” This may be the G. W. Snell mentioned above.)

SNETHAN, Elijah, “of Mountain City” Sep 24, 1859 (Gregory Record, p. 12) makes claim for building purposes on Main Street, Mountain City. Said claim joining Parmelee’s claim. Date Oct 1, 1859. (This name Snethan is not well written and may not be correctly copied?)

SNOW, ---, (of Cheney & Snow), Golden City Association, name in lists of 1860 (of Golden City Pioneers’ Association record) probably one of above pioneers.

SNOW, James, name occurs amidst record of Gilpin County Pioneers Society as an arrival of Jun 4, year above. Had died some time previous to 1923. His name also occurs in Boulder County Pioneers, and he was a miner in Clear Creek Valley, same year. On Oct 9, he makes claim to 160 acres land for farming and grazing purposes, it being on a small stream running into Clear Creek, below Arapahoe City, about three miles southeast of Golden. On Oct 12, same year, he is witness to deed between J. S. St. Matthew, grantor, and D. D. McIlvoy and Thomas Sours, grantees, Golden. (Jefferson County Land Records)

SNOW, William M., was Treasurer Illion Town Company, Jefferson County, Dec ’59.

SNOWY RANGE, a mining camp near Russell’s Gulch 1859.

SNYDER, C., name in list of arrivals by Capt. William Valentine’s train of six wagons, from La Salle, Illinois, 23 days from St. Joseph, Missouri, arrived Denver City or Auraria Apr 14, 1859. (Cherry Creek Pioneer, Vol. 1, No. 1, only existing copy)

SNYDER, John, reported in RMN, May 28, 1859, to have been shot on the 18th day May, near a ranche passed by a wagon train, about 30 miles west of the crossing of the Platte River by the Salt Lake and California Road. It was thought that he was fatally shot, but a wagon going to Fort Kearney picked him up.

SOCKMAN, A. H., Secretary of the Great Western Land Claim Association, Boulder, 1859.

SOCY & COMPANY, mining, five men, Nevada Gulch, 1859.

SODA CREEK BAR, lode, on Clear Creek, a mining camp of ’59. This may be “Soda Hill” (location now known as Idaho Springs) discovered by George A. Jackson, 1859. (Mineral springs here.)

SOET & VANDORT’S claim: Surveyed Jan 23, 1860 (probably located 1859) (Jefferson County Land Records)

SONGER, F. W., member Colorado Pioneers’ Society and resided Edgewater 1920. His arrival in Colorado in their list Jun 6, 1859.

SOPRIS, Charles R., an arrival of 1859, lived in Auraria.

SOPRIS, E. B., an arrival of 1859, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, resided Trinidad 1929. Arrival recorded as Jun 8. Born Indiana Jul 21, 1843.

SOPRIS, Miss Indiana, arrived 1859, was first school teacher it is said, in 1860. Her marriage occurred in Denver Jan 11, 1866. It is noticed as follows in the RMN of Jan 12. “Married: by the Rev. D. D. Goodrich, Mr. Samuel Cushman of Central City, and Miss Indiana, daughter of Capt. R. Sopris. A large circle of friends, comprising the wealth, beauty, and fashion of Denver were present as witnesses of the interesting ceremony. The bride, always beautiful, never appeared more lovely than on this occasion. She has long been one of Denver’s fair daughters, and her name is associated with the earliest history of the City of the Plains. Mr. Cushman, the happy man, is a gentleman in every way worthy of this paragon of a wife. May the smiles of love and prosperity beam brightly upon the living pair in their future journeyings down the aisles of time.”

SOPRIS, Richard, born Jul 26, 1813, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, arrived Colorado Mar 15, 1859. (Hall’s Colorado History) He early appears in RMN mining in Colona Diggings, and in Gregory Diggings in June, for was a delegate from that place to first Constitutional Convention. He was member of the Mammoth Quartz Lead Mining Company, and was chosen President of the Gregory Association of Miners. He appears as “from Michigan City, Indiana, formerly.” He lived on High Street in Mountain City, and in RMN of June, that year, he with S. Reed, Secretary, call a meeting at Masonic Temple, on High Street, he being Worshipful Master of the Lodge. The notice states that it is to meet there each Saturday P.M. Arapahoe County, Kansas, was the name of Colorado at this time, and he left later in the year as a delegate to the Kansas Territorial Legislature, not being one of those who favored formation of the Provisional Government. Although the Territory of Jefferson had been made, yet he did not recognize it, and his departure across the plains to Kansas is announced without comment by RMN. He lived in Auraria late in season, for on 21st he is grantor of Highlands lots to Reyland. He was also here elected member Auraria Lodge, and later Worshipful Master of same. The old building where he officiated is shown in illustration on p. ---. The Lodge room was on second floor. A long biography of Mr. Sopris is in Vickers’ History of Denver, 1880, so complete that it need not be repeated here. In several other histories much is included. Perhaps a list of his children from Vicker’s record should be included in this collection: (most of the children arrived with mother in 1860.)

SOPRIS, Elbridge, B., real estate, Trinidad, Colorado Surv. and Dep. Co. Clerk Las Animas County.

SOPRIS, Simpson T., bookkeeper for J. S. Brown & Bros., grocers, Denver.

SOPRIS, Levi S., is farmer, and now (1880) on police force.

SOPRIS, George L., attorney.

SOPRIS, Indiana, (died 1925, Denver) married S. Cushman, born Massachusetts, and agent in 1880 of Hazard Powder Company of Deadwood, Dakota Territory.

SOPRIS, Irene A., married J. Sidney Brown, firm of Brown Brothers, well known and wealthy grocers. She died Jan 21, 1881 when husband and five children were surviving. They had one of the most elegant homes in Denver on a corner of Fourteenth Street, when that thorofare was the most fashionable spot in Denver.

SOPRIS, HENDERSON & COMPANY, from Farmington, Indiana, mining, Gregory Diggings 1859.

SOPRIS & SLAUGHTER, proprietors Vasquez House, Auraria 1859.

SOUDER, John, has Jan 3, 1859 quit claim deed to Auraria lot. (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber F, p. 626)

SOURBLAED, L., witness to signature deed by William Clancy, Mar 10, 1859, Denver.

SOURS, Thomas, grantee, Golden, Oct 12, 1859, associated with C. C. McIlvoy from J. S. St. Matthews, property in Jefferson County. (Jefferson County Land Records)

SOUSCH, W. M., appears in some early Lodge lists as petitioner for recognition. (Mountain City? Reference lost). 1859 Record.

SOUTHMAYD & COMPANY, mining, Russell’s Gulch, 15 men, 1859 files.


SOUTHWORTH, E. A., from Cleveland, Ohio, has joiner’s shop on Washington Avenue, Golden, north side Creek, advertized Dec 7, 1859. An advertizement also appears in Western Mountaineer published at Golden in Apr 1860, same address. On p. 66 of the record book of the Golden City Association (now deposited with Land Record Office, Golden) his name is given as a stockholder or member in 1860.

SOWASH, W., (see above, Sousch), died in Central City, Gregory mines Sep 23, 1860, aged 32 years. Was formerly resident of Sweed Point, Dallas County, Iowa. Buried with Masonic honors. (RMN, Sep 23, 1860) This notice seemed worth noting, though one of 1860, for the name is very likely identical with W. M. Sousch above. (?)

SOWERS, George, (Lowers?), member J. W. Donellen & Company, grantors of a claim on McGinnis Lode, Gregory Diggings, recorded at Mountain City Oct 1, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 22)

SPADES, C. C., claim purchased of him, Sep 2, 1859, situated in the Sterling Lode, northeast from Discovery Claim, south of the Bobtail, in Mountain City, and later, in Record Book, p. 44, he is again grantor, Oct 31, of another claim not described so well.

SPAIN, ---, (firm of Spain & Zeigler Company) from South Bend, Indiana, mining at Gregory’s Diggings, 1859.

SPANISH BAR, was below mouth of Fall River, and two miles above Jackson’s Diggings, on waters of upper Clear Creek, as a placer locality of much richness, and said by Smiley to have been discovered by a small party of Mexican miners, though another authority gives the discovery to A. Sagendorf and Ransom P. Smith, May 10, 1859. It was two miles above modern Idaho Springs, and three above Chicago Creek.

SPARKS, D., is owner of lots 3-4, block 175, Denver City, recorded Aug 27, 1859. Lots described as being “taken from E. P. Stout’s share.” (Liber A, p. 28, old) The following record is from paper of 1899. (Clipping of 1899, name not given), but death noted as follows: Ozias T. Sparks, died aged 63, Nov 27, 1899, a pioneer of 1859. Born Pennsylvania, brother of George Sparks. Lived Nevadaville. Member of Nevada Lodge A.F. & A.M., and buried under auspices of this Lodge.

SPAULDING, Mr. Reuben, mentioned in RMN as being at “the Spaulding Diggings” summer of 1859. (See Hall’s Colorado History, Summit County History.)

SPENCER, George E., was at Smith’s Ranche 1859, and same year G. E. Spencer was member of Breckenridge Town Company (December).

SPENCER, James, had transaction in Denver lots 1859, and again Jan 19, 1860. He is described in last item as “of Arapahoe County.”

SPENCER, John C., buys lots at sheriff’s sale, Feb 1859, and later is candidate for City Clerk. Said to be a comedian in theatres. J. C. Spencer (probably same?), is member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, or at least is in Hall’s list, as being deceased before 1890. His birth, Ohio, Nov 27, 1831. Arrived Colorado Jul 1859. Directory of Denver 1866 gives this name as resident, and a musician.

SPICKERMAN, Andrew H., mentioned in Vickers’ History Denver, 1880, also by Bancroft, Vol. 25, as pioneer of 1859 to Colorado. Born New York May 16, 1820, was traveller over many western states, working at trade of stone cutting. Miner in Montana in 1861, and 1862 settled on his farm (Turkey Creek) and was living there in 1880. He raised stock, principally. Married 1871 Mrs. Fannie Shields of Colorado.

SPIELMAN, David, an arrival of 1859, living Colorado Springs 1920, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. (Name from list).

SPILLARD, ---, of firm of Cassiday & Spillard, “leaves Denver for Cincinnati, Ohio.” (Mentioned in RMN, files, 1859)

SPINGLER, Henry, from Auraria Town Company, Dec 3, 1859, is grantee of 22 City lots in Auraria. (See Arapahoe County Land Record, Index.)

SPINNING, I. P., arrived Denver Apr 1, 1859. Born Ohio, Sep 21, 1837. Was living in Denver 1907, member Colorado Pioneers (name in both Hall’s and the Society’s lists. Isaac P. Spining in last list.)

SPOONER, ---, mentioned in letter of William Larimer, Jr. Nov 1858 as being a new arrival in goldfields of Cherry Creek and building “The Hotel.” (See Hafen, Vol. 10, Gold Rush)

SPOONER, ---, of Omaha, accompanies William Clancy to Cherry Creek 1858.

SPOONER & MATHER, of Denver, partners in lots Aug 23, same year. Owned many lots; see old Land Records Index.

SPOONER, R. A., party to sale of lots, Denver, by John F. Payne, Jul 15, same year. (Liber A, p. 138, old)

SPRINGER, Henry, was original member Auraria Town Company 1858, and in the business Directory of following year was a grocer on Larimer Street. He appears in Land Record first as a witness between N. G. Wyatt and William Clancy, May 23. (Liber A, p. 49, old) (Probably other records of Arapahoe County Lands.) In 1895 was a resident of Springer, New Mexico.

SQUIRES, Theodore, arrived Oct 17 in Boulder Valley, being one of a small party reaching in 1858 old Fort St. Vrain; with him were Capt. Yount, Capt. Thomas Aikens and several more. In the Directory of 1866, Denver, the name of T. Squires occurs, with residence on Curtis between E. and Front Streets. (This would now be Curtis between 14th and 13th.)

STAFFORD, E. F., of Leavenworth, mentioned in RMN and later as member Denver City Water Company (irrigation water) 1859. The following marriage from Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber 17, p. 2, may be same person. Eli F. Stafford married at Seminary Building, Jun 8, 1865, Olive L. Mitchell. By O. A. Willard, minister. “Appleton, Jan 27, 1868” Mary H. Willard signs as witness to the marriage. It is not clear whether the marriage was in Denver, but probably so. (?)

STAFFORD, M., member Denver City Water Company, and from Leavenworth. In Gregory Record, p. 13, he is given as partner of Perry Townsend, in claim on Illinois Hill, Oct 1, 1859.

STAGG, ---, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, mentioned in RMN, file, 1859. Was a partner in Hutton, Stagg & Hutton, same year.

STANBURY, A. M., name in list of Pioneers Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563. Born New York Nov 6, 1830, arrived Denver Jun 27, 1859, and was living same place 1890.

STANDRING, R., an arrival of Jul 1859, residence at Pine Post Office, Colorado in recent years. (From List of Colorado Pioneers’ Association) Born England Mar 19, 1833.

STANFORD, John, name in list of stockholders of Auraria Town Company, 1858.

STANING, William, grantee, from Auraria Town Company Nov 26, 1859, 24 City lots.

STANSBERRY, proprietor new billiard tables, Denver City 1859. (Files)

STANTON, E., owner of Claim 13, in McLeod’s & Company lands on Plum Creek dated Oct 1859. (See under McLeod) There is an E. Stanton still residing in Denver, (Directory of 1866) with shop between Ferry & St. Louis on 5th Street (location now – Larimer between 10th and 11th Streeets). Also an F. J. Stanton, located on Ferry between Larimer and Market, Publisher. J. W. Stanton is another name which may be of date 1859 (?) as he appears among the early members of the first Masonic gatherings in that City, about first part of 1860. (Called Jack.)

STARK, ---, an arrival of 1859, killed by Harrison, later in his career in gold diggings. This may be same as Starks, miner in Russell’s during the first year. Then there was firm of Starks & Shaw, or Shaw and Starks, also at Russell’s.

STARRING, W., was an arrival of 1858, and original stockholder of Auraria.

STEADMAN, Leonard, witness Oct 30, 1859 to deed of Denver lots by H. P. A. Smith of Denver, grantor.

STEBINSKI, August, (spelled Stebinsky) grantee, with Louis Mauver lot 9, block 33, on St. Louis Street, Auraria City, Sep 21, 1859. The grantor, J. P. Elder.

STECK, Amos, arrived May 24 in the year 1859, and from the first was a most eminent lawyer, Judge, and citizen. He was member of the Denver City Town Company in the year, and was in charge of the department of mails of the Express Company, the papers noticing what a very kind and obliging official he was, and with what a wonderful memory, noticing at once each person, never afterward forgetting their names. He had studied law in Pennsylvania (was born in Ohio) and was soon admitted to the Bar in Colorado, or Jefferson, as it was called, serving in many legislative assemblies, and on the bench for many years. He was one of the first, in December of year of his arrival, to engage in forming an insurance and banking business in the cities of Denver, Auraria and Highlands, being one of a company chartered under the Provisional Government. In Jul 1861 a convention of the Union Party was held in Golden to nominate a candidate for Delegate to Congress, and he presided. The election of H. P. Bennett resulted. He was one of the promoters of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the year 1860 and Treasurer of the Board. In 1862 he was member of the Territorial Council, which convened at Colorado City. In 1863 he was Mayor of Denver. He was President of the first street railway company organized in Denver 1871, and in 1875 was on the Committee for establishing a Mining Exchange. In this year he was Receiver of the general Land Office, but not in accord with the McCook administration. In 1880 he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention (Chicago), which nominated Garfield. In same year he belonged to a syndicate with Joseph Wilson and George T. Clark, which bought the Denver Republican and carried it on until 1881 when Kemp G. Cooper and others took it over.

His lots and lands were numerous, the earlier record book being often devoted to some of these descriptions. One of his earliest purchases was of lot 1, block 9, Auraria, corner 4th and Cherry Streets. This was in Nov 1859, and as the price was the huge sum of $280 it is likely a cabin was builded there, and may have been one of his early homes. (?) In Oct 4 previous to this purchase, he bought 23 lots of Dr. Jonathan Fox (27-28 in block 41, Denver, being among them). The Town Board granted lots 1-2-3-4 in block 108 in Denver to Mrs. Amos Steck 1859. Judge Steck’s home 1860-70 was situated where the Ernest and Cranmer Building now stands.

An excellent portrait of Judge Steck is in Smiley’s History of Denver, and he has been so much written of that the reader may find full details of his useful and good life in the works of Hall, Stone, Smiley and Byers, as well as the files of a number of the papers of his day. He was born Jan 8, 1822, and died in Denver. Daughter Bella.

STEELE, ---, arrived goldfields from Florence, Nebraska Territory May 5, 1859. (Files, RMN)

STEELE, Charles H., arrived Jun 6, 1859. Was marked “died” in Gilpin County Pioneers Record Book.

STEELE, George, a desperado of 1859 who, with Carroll Wood, tried to kill Byers. He was shot later, in 1860 in Denver.

STEELE HUGH & COMPANY, mining, Illinois Gulch, 1859. (Mentioned in RMN)

STEELE, Matthew, in 1859 was a resident of Douglas County, a settler it is said.

STEELE, Robert W., Governor of the Territory of Jefferson, 1859, was born near Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio, Jan 14, 1820. Died in Colorado Springs 1901. Lived in Fairfield, Iowa and Omaha, Nebraska. Arrived Colorado in May 1859. (See above.) Went first to Central City mining, and President of the Consolidated Ditch Company.

He is said to have crossed the plains with wife and four children and an ox team prairie schooner, from the Missouri River. His son, Hugh R. Steele, was with them, aged 10 years. (A portrait of this son who died Oct 2, 1923 is on RMN, p. 7, Dec 5, 1899.)

On Oct 1, after arrival of Steele, the Convention to form Provisional Government was called. He was nominated for Governor of the proposed new Territory of Jefferson at the Convention, Mr. St. Matthew being his opponent. The following December he took his seat. He was a Democrat, and Lincoln appointed Gilpin as his successor. He could not be induced to like Lincoln, and declined any office from him it is said. After he brought his family out, they settled in Golden, though his first papers while Governor are dated from Mt. Vernon, and it is said that he had ranche to the south of that City. (Mr. Broad in Golden Transcript). In 1862 he moved to Gilpin County, then in 1865 took family back to Iowa, but returned (1867) and later removed to Georgetown, where his family came, though his last years were spent in Colorado Springs.

Mrs. Steele was Miss Susan Nevin, married 1848 Hillsboro, Ohio, and the children are Hugh (Hugh R.), Charles W. (died 1894), Miss Mary Steele of Kansas City, Missouri, and another daughter who married J. C. Parsons.

The visit of his family to “their old home in Florence, Nebraska” is noted in one of the issues of the RMN in the sixties. Hugh Steele’s death is given in The Trail, Nov 1923, and he is said to have been a friend of W. S. Stratton while living in Cripple Creek, was a surveyor, lived in Golden, and was Secretary of the Pioneers’ Society for 15 years. A graduate of the University of Iowa.

Governor Steele did not speculate much in real estate, as many others did, but bought a few pieces, or they were given to him. (?) One of these was lot 2, block 65, Auraria on Dec 9, 1859, grantor Henry Allen (with a number of other lots.) A large one and half story log mansion stood on this lot, or the one next it in 1870, and the compiler of this record has always wondered who built it. (?) It had at that date a quite antiquated appearance, the location back of the present parsonage of the new Spanish Catholic Church. (?)

Portraits of Gov. Steele are to be seen in RMN, p. 8, Dec 5, 1899, also in Smiley’s History of Denver, p. 315. His message, as Governor of the Territory of Jefferson is in RMN, p. 2, old, Nov 10, 1859.

STEINBERGER, Dr. A., from Elkhorn, Nebraska, arrived May 31, 1859, accompanied by A. B., and W. P., and J. A. Steinberger, and J. Nagle, W. Snell, and H. Snell, all from same place, coming in by Platte Route. (RMN, file)

Smiley, in his History of Denver, had correspondence with F. B. Steinberger, a son of Dr. A., who he said had other sons, John C. M., and A. B., and in this letter, F. B. Steinberger states that he kept a small school in Sep 1859 in a log cabin on the east side of Ferry Street between Larimer and McGaa which was the first school in the gold diggings. He names the pupils as Homer, John, and Samuel Bennett, Thomas Bradford, Amelia, John and Susan Dobson, Emma and Frank Fox, John and Lucy Hames, and John, Mary and Samuel Scott. The Bennett children he said were of John Bennett, who kept a boarding house in Auraria, near Cherry Creek. Smiley, however, says that he was unable to find any mention of this school in files of paper, RMN, but prints the contents of the letter. (Miss Isabella Steck told compiler that she took dancing lessons of one of the Steinbergers when a small girl, in a hall in Auraria, near Front and McGaa Streets.)

Bancroft, History of Colorado, Vol. 25, p. 403, says that Albert Steinbeger was elected in Nov 1859 as a delegate to demand formation of Territory of Jefferson of Congress, but dropped out of the delegation at Omaha, and did not go to Washington. (Afterward he was King of a group of islands in the Pacific, but was deposed by a British man-of-war. Possibly this may be same person as A. B. Steinberger (?)) The latter was delegate from a precinct called “Douglas” to the first Constitutional Convention 1859. As noted in RMN, A. B. Steinberger had 17 lots of Auraria Town Company Dec 3 of that year, noted in detail in Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber E, p. 121, old. Anthony Steinberger also has Dec 3, 12 Auraria lots, noted on p. 129 of same volume, the lots in block 101. One of these men may be the Dr. A. Steinberger above. (?)

Charles M. Steinberger and F. B., were stockholders Nov 1, 1858 in Auraria Town Company, which would indicate their arrival in advance of the others of the name, mentioned above. Charles M. had 17 Auraria lots from the Town Company, Dec 3, 1859, noted in detail in Liber E, p. 120, old, and the files of RMN show him to have been elected Coroner in March of same year. His name is the only one listed in the Business Directory of this year, and as a physician. W. P. Steinberger appears in the files as a delegate from Mountain City to the first Constitutional Convention.

In the Denver City Directory of 1866, only one of name appears, F. Steinberger, and all the rest being absent.

STEINBERGER, GRAHAM & COMPANY, placer mining near Vasquez River and in Denver, Steinhauer, Wyatt & Company, partners in lots, are also on record as present in 1859.

STEPHENS, Albert H., “Died at Russell’s Gulch, Jul 22, 1859, of Mountain Fever, Albert H. Stephens, aged 35 years, leaving a wife and many friends to mourn his death.” He was formerly from Jefferson County, New York, but recently from State of Missouri. New York and Missouri papers please copy. (RMN, 1859)

STEPHENS, W. J., grantee of two Denver lots and cabin, Apr 5, 1859.

STERNBERG, Jay, said to have been an arrival of 1859, came in spring, later travelling to New Mexico, Texas and Arizona, then returning to Iowa, where he married 1865 Miss Sarah Harris of Hamel County. Carried on milling business, returned Colorado 1872, located Boulder where he had flour mill. Sioux City, Iowa, his residence before coming to Colorado. Was born Herkimer County, New York 1835 of German descent.

STEVENS, ---, had claim on Platte River, (farm claim) nearly opposite Fort Lupton in Dec 1859. (Liber C, p. 134, old)

STEVENS, Mr. ---, of Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, arrived by Platte Route May 1859. (RMN, files)

STEVENS, D. H., in 1859 had four Donation Lots (these were with promise to build) from Denver City Town Company. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

STEVENS, Isaac N., an arrival 1859, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, and name in one of their recent lists, said to be resident 1920 of Clifton, Arizona.

STEVENS, R. S., in 1859 appears as grantee of lots from Denver City Town Company, name in List of Stockholders.

STEVENS, W. C., of Central City, deceased, is said by Mr. Withrow, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, to be an arrival of 1859. His wife lives in Central in 1924. William C. Stevens arrived Jun 4, 1859. Member Gilpin County Pioneers’ Association.

STEVENS, W. J., (see Stephens above) his lots were “Draw Lots” in Larimer Street, the cabin 16 x 20 feet size. He is of Denver, and associated with L. Herman & Anthony Butts, the grantors being St. James & St. Vrain.

STEVENS & HALL, mining partners, Clear Creek & Boulder, 1859.

STEVENSON (STEVISON), Joseph, arrived with party from Stout’s Post Office, Ohio. (See under B. J. Stout.)

STEWART, G. W., was witness in Auraria deed signed Dec 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

STEWART, James, said to have been a resident of South Park 1859. (See also Stuart.)

STIGELL, John, grantee Denver lots, 1859. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

STILES, J. C., Denver, 1859, grantee of Denver lots Oct 26 (lot 11 in block 21).

STINSON, Thomas, was grantee of eight lots from C. H. Blake, assigned to him Aug 23, 1859, filed for record Jun 15, 1860. (Arapahoe County Land Records) He has further transaction on Jan 1, 1860, nine Denver lots with all improvements from Eli Dupont. (Numbers in Land Record, see.)

STOCKHOLDERS OF AURARIA TOWN COMPANY, a list of many of these may be seen in Smiley’s History of Denver, p. 208, Nov 1858.

STOCKING, member of Plattsburg Nebraska Company, arrived with them on Oct 24, 1858. This is probably Moses Stocking, a stockholder in Auraria Town Company a little later in the year. But, as the name of William Stocking also appears as an arrival with this party, it is uncertain. Evidently a pair of Stockings arrived together.

STOCKTON, R. P., appears in list of arrivals of 1859 in Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, Aug 4 of that year. Born Tennessee Apr 13, 1840. Was resident of Deer Trail, Colorado 1890.

STOEFEL, ---, an Hungarian, whose brief career in the Diggings was so well written up in the papers of his time that he needs no mention here. He may have arrived earlier than ’59. He had three sons with him, and mined on Clear Creek near the site of Arvada, and is said to have been of one of the parties of 1858. The histories contain mention of him and there seems to be a feeling that he was not quite understood at the time. He is said to have had a brother-in-law with him, and lived on a ranche on Clear Creek.

STONE, Dr. J. S., appointed by Gov. Steele Adj. General with the rank of Colonel under the Provisional Government of 1859. He is mentioned in papers as mining in Gregory at one time during first year. He was representative elect from the 4th District to the Provisional Legislature, and in 1860 while a member of this body was a guest at a banquet given at the Broadwell Hotel, Denver by Mr. Conklin, to some distinguished visitors in the goldfields. The party seemed very much contented until a misunderstanding occurred between Dr. Stone and Lewis Bliss, acting Governor (or Lieut. Gov.) which resulted in words, then a demand for satisfaction, which resulted in a pistol duel on what is styled “The Field of Honor” which resulted in Dr. Stone’s death. The matter is well described in Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 1, pp. 234-5, also in the RMN, which announces the funeral to take place from Rev. Kehler’s church, and all friends and public invited to attend. The dates of this event seem to conflict, but he died at “The City Hospital.”

STONE, Wilbur F., said by one authority to be an arrival of 1859, but in Hall’s List of Pioneers is credited with 1860, or in other words not credited with 1859. (?)

STONE, Z. A., elected Tyler of Auraria Lodge A.F. & A.M., Oct 15, 1859. (Record of Old Auraria Lodge). He was witness to a land deed in Auraria on Dec 12, and on the 13th is grantee from the Town Company to four Auraria City lots. In another record on Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber D, p. 229, old, is statement “bounded on one side by Charles Hammond’s claim.” The date in the last transaction seems to have been omitted in the copy.

STORM, A. J., permanent Secretary Miners’ Association, Jackson Diggings May 1859.

STORMS, Mr. ---, from Gregory Point, mentioned in files 1859.

STORMS, Mr. ---, of Mountain City, calls upon the RMN, files, Aug 1859.

STORMS, J. J., elected in 1859, first Lieut. Rocky Mountain Rangers, resides in Mountain City. (See 1st, 2nd and 3rd above?)

STORMS, Mr. M., in Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 2, p. 563, is noted an arrival May 15, 1859. Born Ohio, Nov 5, 1823.

STOUT, ---, notice in RMN of a man of this name, found sick and destitute in Denver, who was cared for. (File, ’59)

STOUT, B. J., arrived May 14, 1859 from Staat’s (or Stout’s) Post Office, Ohio, accompanied by D. D. Stout & family. (See) Also by James N. and Charles Hall, Thomas J. Metz, Joseph Stevison, M. M. Crawford, via Platte Route, 34 days, all well, seven wagons in train. (RMN, file)

STOUT, D. D. and family, arrived May 14, 1859 accompanied by B. J. Stout’s party. This last party were nearly all from DeSoto, Nebraska Territory, W. H. B. Stout, J. White, Alexander Carter, H. Beebe, Mr. Shields and family, John Binckley and family, George McKinsey, Sr. & Jr., J. Donaldson, Patrick McGinn, and also W. T. Willman from Rockport, Missouri. All came in via Platte Route, accompanied by B. J. Stout’s party.

D. D. Stout lived in Dayton, Ohio 1901, and was brother of first President of Denver Town Company, had son John Denver Stout, one of the first white boys in the Territory, born on site of the City Hall, Denver, Aug 30, 1859. (Portrait Smiley’s History of Denver, p. 296) They lived in E. P. Stout’s cabin part of the time. In 1901 John Denver Stout was resident of Columbus, Ohio.

STOUT, Elisha Pinckney, (full name appears but once, in all the many mentions and records in early days, of this pioneer). This instance occurred Jun 4, 1859 when he grants lots to Luther A. Cole of Jefferson County, Wisconsin. (Amos Steck is witness, one of his first appearances.) There is another note in which his name is given as Ed P. Stout and his arrival stated to have been Oct 24, 1858, in party with J. H. Dudley, and the fact is given of his being from Nebraska, also his being in Real Estate business. He was stockholder and President of the Denver City Town Company, 1859, and delegate from Denver City to the first Constitutional Convention Jun 11. He is also in several instances referred to as “E. B. Stout.” He was a Notary Public in same year, his commission signed by Gov. Samuel Medary of Kansas Territory (Jun 4). During the time he was President of the Town Company, William Larimer, Jr. was Treasurer (1858). In the business of the Company, many transactions too numerous to mention were signed by him. The RMN mentions at one time that he was Deputy County Recorder at his residence, near Cherry Creek Crossing, Auraria. Another time, Sep 21, 1859, he appoints R. E. Whitsitt his Deputy “during his absence,” probably in the States. There is a portrait of him on p. 214, Smiley’s History of Denver,. It is stated that in 1901 he was living at Cincinnati, Ohio.

STOUT, Dr. W., had Donation Lot, Denver City 1859.

STOUT, W. H. B., see under D. D. Stout party arrival) from DeSoto, Nebraska.

STRAIGHT, Job, name of author of several poems in RMN, which were after a while ridiculed by the Editor. One is on p. 1, Nov 10, 1859, another p. 1, Dec 1, and another one (ridiculed) all of which may have been written with the intention to be humorous, by some of the Editors. The author is described as “formerly of Posey County, Indiana,” and the name may be assumed, tho’ this compiler is of opinion that it compares well enough with the other original poetry in the RMN of that day to be a real contribution from an admiring subscriber. Possibly the patience of the Editor might have lasted longer if other subscribers had been amused.

STRAIN, R. A., mentioned in paper of 1859 as being “of the Spanish Mines.” (July date)

STRASBURG, Isadore, was grantee, Nov 28, 1859 of lot in Auraria, corner 6th and St. Louis Streets. (Lawrence and 10th) The name of Mr. Strassburger, mining expert, is mentioned in clipping from a Wisconsin paper as having gone “to Pikes Peak from Janesville, Wisconsin.” (Probably in same year above)

STREET, David, is said to have crossed the plains and mountains in 1858, going to Salt Lake, and again in 1860. In Directory of 1866, Denver, there are two names Street, partners in lumber business corner F. and Arapahoe Streets. They are W. A. and T. J. Street. (May be related to pioneer (?)) (See Portrait and Biographical Index for other information.)

STRINGER, H. P. (or H. B.?), an arrival from Illinois. (See under P. Gadd.)

STROCK, a miner of 1859 from Ohio, mentioned in Bancroft’s History of Colorado and from another authority, born Trumbull County, Ohio, Dec 26, 1832, living 1880 in Blackhawk, working at carpentering and mill-wrights’ trades. He is also mining and owns stock in many properties in this district.

STRONG, James, name in Sopris’ Mss Directory of Businessmen 1859. Located on McGaa Street, partner Mr. Cushing. (Saloon and restaurant)

STROUP, Daniel, and claims on Stroup Lode, Gregory Diggings, Aug 10, 1859. (Granted at that date.) Recorded in Gregory Record, p. 6.

STROUT, James C., arrived Apr 14, 1859, 23 days from St. Joseph with Capt. William Valentine’s party with six wagons (from LaSalle, Illinois). (Cherry Creek Pioneer, Vol. 1, No. 1, Apr 23, 1859, only copy issued)

STRUBACK & COMPANY, Denver firm of 1859, in transaction in lots.

STRUTHERS & COMPANY, mining in Russell’s summer of 1859, eight men.

STUART, Nathan, (see also Stewart), was in court before Judge Waggoner in May 1859.

STUNDRING, Robert, said to be an arrival of the year above, is in recent times Post Master in Hutchinson, Colorado.

STURGESS, David, had ranche claim near Wamsley’s ranche Oct 1859, mentioned in record of that property. There is also a firm of Swartout, Sturgis & Company, mentioned in press, as mining during year in Russell’s Gulch.

SUBECK, John, (Subech ?), name in list of arrivals of year. (Files)

SULLIVAN, Francis A., witness to deed, same time as Thomas A., below, at Mountain City. (See under Thomas A. Sullivan.)

SULLIVAN, Jerry, an arrival of 1858, for in Dec 4 had from Denver Town Company four Donation Lots. In the following year, Mar 10, his ranche claim is mentioned in a quit claim deed between William Clancy and Henry Swigert, the location being about three miles below the mouth of Cherry Creek, on Platte River. (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber A, p. 101, old) There is also another land transfer on June 22, same year, but name is J. Sullivan.

SULLIVAN, Thomas A., witness to deed in Mountain City, Gregory Diggings, Sep 26, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 25)

SUMAN, Joshua, arrival published RMN spring 1859. (From Ohio.)

SUMMERS, “Bill,” said to have been with George West and Mark Blunt Jun 1859, in Denver, and met Horace Greeley, A. D. Richardson, and Henry Villard in “News” (RMN) office, and helped set up their report in an “Extra.” Mr. Summers died prior to 1901.

SUMMERS, Calvin R., “of Denver City” Jul 30, 1859 is grantee, consideration $50, lot on McGaa Street, from Charles A. Lanman. On Dec 6 he is grantor of lots on same street. (Name spelled C. B. Summers.) In the Mss. Business Directory of this year he is listed as living on McGaa Street, doing business in partnership with C. A. Lawrence. The name is not in Directory of 1866, Denver.

SUMNER, Mr. ---, mentioned during summer 1859, RMN, as being with party of prospectors in the mountains.

SUMNER, Edward C., accompanied the Byers party to goldfields with the type and press of the RMN in Feb 1859. It is said that on Apr 22 the City of Auraria Town Company voted him one share in the Town Company for contribution to bringing printing press to the camp. Robert L. Sumner (see) received same compliment, as he also accompanied party. Edward C. Sumner was crippled from childhood by an accident, his native place was LaFayette, Indiana, born Sep 7, 1837. His father moved to Muscatine, Iowa, and after giving up idea of college he made a start for the goldfields. He went back to the States in the same year, but returned about 1864 and secured place in Post Office and was Assistant Post Master from 1866-74, and later, 1876, had the Postmaster’s office. He invested in lots, and land, and later laid out “Sumner’s Addition” on south side Colfax Avenue in West Denver.

He married Mrs. Abbie Walker (nee Beale) about this time. He died, also his wife, not long afterward, and both are buried Riverside Cemetery, where Mrs. Abbie Sumner erected a monument, as she survived him a short time. Mrs. Walker was a sister of Mrs. Potter, who lived before 1874 on Eighth Street in West Denver, and who had two daughters, Lizzie Potter and Maybelle Potter. This family returned to their old home in Boston about 1875.

SUMNER, Robert L., said to have accompanied Edward C. Sumner with the Byers party to the diggings, Feb 1859. He is announced as “from Muscatine, Iowa,” received a Donation share in Auraria Town Company stock, and later in year his departure is noticed in files of RMN “leaving for Muscatine, Iowa.”

SUTHERLAND, E. B., noted in Directory of 1859 as Druggist, with a location on Blake Street, Denver City. In files of the year the firm of E. B. Sutherland & Company advertize wholesale drugs, also retail and have location next door to Jones & Cartwright’s place. The Hotel, afterward known as the Sutherland Hotel, was conveyed Nov 28 to him by Stephen Reynolds, including furniture. This building was very fine for its day, and the Western Mountaineer (published in Golden) notices a grand New Years Ball given here Jan 2, 1860. The house stood on lot 14, block 42, Denver City (Liber C, p. 149, old) E. B. Sutherland and A. F. Peck were associated in ranche claim, four miles northeast of Denver, granted by them to another party Dec 2, 1859. The Sutherland Hotel may have been his residence (?) as it was on Blake Street. He was member Auraria Lodge A.F. & A.M. 1861.

SUTHERLAND, Peter, (note from Tri-Weekly Mining Register, Central City, Aug 4, 1862) Died: In Central, Aug 2, 1862, Mr. Peter Sutherland, of Erysypelas, resulting in congestion of the brain, aged 50 years. Mr. Sutherland was an old and respected resident and citizen of this Territory, having been a resident since 1859. He leaves a wife and six children to mourn his loss. They live in Fulton County, Illinois. (Note: in Directory of 1866 A. Sutherland, musician, lived in Denver.)

SUTPHEN, John D., name in list of shareholders in Golden City Association, 1859.

SUTTON, of firm of Dailey, Sutton & Company, mining Russell’s 1859. (There is a Sutton living in Denver in Directory of 1866.)

SUTTON, John B., a pioneer of 1858 was an original member Auraria Town Company, and in 1894 lived in Central, and was member of the Society. Said (in clipping) to have arrived on Nov 1, date of death not noted.

SWARTOUT, C. F., arrived in Capt. T. W. Henderson’s wagon train May 16, 1859, lately from Ohio.

SWARTOUT, J., arrived Apr 14, same year, with Capt. William Valentine’s train of six wagons, 23 days from St. Joseph, Missouri. (Cherry Creek Pioneer, Vol. 1, No. 1, Apr 23, 1859)

SWARTOUT, STURGIS & COMPANY, mining, summer of 1859, Russell’s Gulch.

SWENEY, Mr., mentioned as charter member of Montana Town Company, Feb 1859.

SWIGERT, Henry, had Donation Lots from Denver Town Company 1858. The following notice of him appears in files of the RMN Aug 19, 1870: “An old ’58 resident of Denver, who has been absent since 1861 returned yesterday, and gave the RMN a call. He was Denver’s first Justice of the Peace. He wrote his friends in Iowa, in the fall of 1858, some very sensible letters; this was before the stampede of 1859.” (The RMN seems still short of type, or impatient at interruptions, for it gives very slight information of the old pioneer, returning to the field of his sufferings, not even stating where he had lived while absent.) In the Arapahoe County Land Records, it appears that Swigert had five lots from the “Share of P. T. Bassett” dated Mar 10, 1859. His election as Justice occurred in March of that year. (Files)

SWISHER, M. D., name in Hall’s list, Vol. 2, p. 564. Swisher is also a member of the Colorado Pioneers’ Society and lived in Silver Cliff, Colorado in 1890, also in 1920. He is an arrival of Jun 6, 1859, born in Virginia, Mar 22, 1838.

SWITZER, George W., member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, resident Morrison in 1920, and an arrival of Sep 1859 in goldfields.

SWOMBY, John F., a property owner in Denver City 1859, for he was grantee of lots on northwest corner of McGaa and E. Streets, Sep 1.

SYLVESTER, ---, the firm of Watt, Sylvester & Company, of St. Louis mentioned in RMN as being the establishment to which Mr. Sylvester, arriving in spring of 1859, belongs.

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