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Fiftyniners' Directory
Colorado Argonauts



BABCOCK ---, leader of an armed posse, which pursued Gorden in Jul 1859. (RMN)

BABCOCK, ---, mentioned in RMN file of 1859 as very efficient as a billiard expert.

BABCOCK, A. S., (resident of Littleton, Colorado) arrived Cherry Creek Jun 25, 1859. Was born Connecticut, Feb 29, 1838. (List of members, Colorado Pioneers’ Association)

BABCOCK, FISHER & COMPANY, mining in Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats. (Mentioned in account of activities in mining camps, summer 1859.) (RMN)

BABCOCK, H. H., was “of Arapahoe County” Nov 1, 1859, for he is grantor of land “a mile and one fourth below toll gate on Gregory Road.” (Liber A)

BACKER, E. R., his signature as witness to transfer of deed, Denver, Aug 8, 1859. (Liber A)

BACON, Corbet, or Corbit, arrived gold fields 1858 according to the Tri-Weekly Mining Register of Oct 29, 1863, for it says editorially, “Corbet Bacon, our old 58 friend has returned from the States where he is now forming a company to work property owned by him in Missouri City.” Larimer, in his reminiscences, on p. 124 says: “--- Bacon, of Pontiac, Michigan, arrives Denver City, Jan 15, 1859, an old Californian, very clever, substantial looking man, has family in Michigan which he will soon bring out.” Another authority which I copied carefully at the time, but from which the part relating to the writer seems missing, says “Corbit Bacon, 1858 to Gilpin County from Pontiac, Michigan, 1858, arrived with small party consisting of James A. Weeks, Wilbur F. Parker, and Mr. Alverson and son. He began mining in Quartz Hill the following spring.” Bancroft, in Vol. 25, p. 395, says that Corbit Bacon erected a plank house with a shake roof in Denver, winter of 1859-60. He later went to Central City.

BACON, Lafayette W., arrived Jul 4, 1859. Born Pennsylvania, Jan 1, 1834, resident of Denver, 1890. (List of members, Colorado Pioneers’ Association published 1890) (Note: There is a G. W. Bacon in Denver Directory of 1866, but neither name of Corbet nor L. W. appears.)

BADDELET or BADDOLETTE or BADOLET, C., was an elected member of the Territorial Council of Jefferson, elected Dec 1859. (RMN)

BADDELET, Isadore, (of 1859) grantee, from J. H. Dudley, Denver lots, Oct 5, 1859. (Liber A, p. 242, old) Isadore Baddelet also owned 3-4 block 98, Denver in this year.

BADEN, town in 1859 existing at stone quarry ten miles west of Denver.

BADEN BADEN, town located by the Larimers in 1859, between Golden City and the Platte River. Was short lived. (May be same as preceding town.)

BADGER, William M., express package advertized for him in RMN, summer of 1859. Sep 10, 1859, he is grantor to J. H. Hughes, Denver lots, and on same date he gives Power of Attorney to Isaac Augustus to collect all debts and rents falling due from his buildings in Auraria. He describes himself in the paper as “Of the City of Auraria.” Oct 14, 1859, he is grantor of lot 8 block 8, Auraria. (Liber A)

BADGETT, ----, of the firm of Carpenter, Badgett and Company, mining, in Pleasant Valley, summer of 1859. (RMN)

BADOLET, Lewis, witness to deed, Oct 1859, Denver City. (Liber A) “Died, in Denver, at 4 o’clock p.m. Jun 22, 1874, of lung fever, Lewis Badolette aged about 55 years. The deceased was a Fiftyniner, and was well known in this city. He has been clerk of the Broadwell House for some time past.” Centralia, Illinois, papers please copy. (RMN, Jun 23, 1874) Miss Belle Steck (daughter of Judge Amos Steck) says Lewis Baddelet’s home southwest corner 16th and Arapahoe Streets where old Federal building stands, and had two story frame house. Mrs. Clayton boarded there and was very fond of Mrs. Baddolet, who had been a widow, and had a daughter Alice Scott (?) by former marriage.

BAGG, Charles L., name from list of Colorado Pioneers’ Association published 1907, given as arrived Jun 3, 1859. Lived Denver 1907, also 1920.

BAILEY, Charles F., arrived Cherry Creek with Capt. Henderson’s train (see) May 16, 1859. Capt. G. W. Henderson was of Cincinnati, Ohio, had small party. Bailey was of Indiana.

BAILEY, J. L., born Pennsylvania, Aug 15, 1835, arrived goldfields Jun 10, 1859. (List of members, Colorado Pioneers’ Association)

BAILEY, M. H., I have no notes of his arrival, but as he was elected Constable in Golden City, under the Provisional Government Jan 2, 1860, he probably arrived in 1859.

BAILEY, William, belonged to the “Law and Order League,” Denver, 1859. It was said

later that he kept a hotel in Manitou.

BAIRD, C. C., this name appears without a reference, as pioneer of 1859.

BAKER, A., miner, from St. Louis, arrived Apr 23, 1859. (RMN) Was residing in Jefferson Trading Post and Diggings near Long’s Peak. (This may have been Addison Baker? It would have been better if the RMN had brought more capital letters to the mouth of Cherry Creek.)

BAKER, J. J., witness to deed in Denver City, Aug 4, 1859, and Oct 24, signs deed for T. H. Pimm to ranche claim on Clear Creek.

BAKER, James, the noted scout, settled on Clear Creek four miles north of Denver on Stock Ranche, where he had an Indian wife and children grown, in 1859. In 1890, he occupied a tepee on Snake River Fork of Yampa River in the northern part of Routt County, about 100 miles west of North Park. “He comes to Denver occasionally. He was most deeply attached to Major D. C. Oakes, who died in 1886, and since that time Baker has not visited in Denver.” (Clipping)

For facts relating to his life see the many Histories of Denver and Colorado, each

contains data.

BAKER, John D., was a stockholder of Auraria City, 1858. He has several grants of lots – one on Mar 15 from William McGaa, 1859, another on p. 288 old liber A and certificate of his Denver lots is recorded in same volume, another in Liber E, p. 325, and one in Nov, 1859.

BAKER, Joseph, files claim Nov 11, 1859 to 160 acres on Ralston Creek near Grindstone Quarry. (This note probably belongs to the Golden City Records.)

BAKER, Ole C., had four Donation Lots (with promise to build) from Denver Town Company, Dec 3, 1858, and Mar 23, 1859, bought one lot on McGaa Street and one next Platte River, and another transfer occurred Jun 27, 1859.

BAKER, S. H., grantee, land claim on Gregory Road, one-quarter mile below Toll Gate. (Golden Land Records, Nov 1859)

BAKER, S. T., from E. McLauthlin, lots Denver City, Oct 1, 1859. (Liber A)

BAKER, William, came early in 1854 it is said to the region near Pike’s Peak, and in 1859 started to California, but stopped in Colorado and decided to remain. Preeempted 160 acres ranche land on St. Vrain Creek, near the foothills, where he ranched. Married, 1868, Mrs. Parmalia R., widow of Benjamin A. Franklin, the first white woman who settled on St. Vrain Creek. He was born Roane County, Tennessee, Dec 28, 1827. Lived in Fulton, then in Gentry County, Illinois, then Carroll County, Arkansas. In 1854 came overland through goldfields to California. Was living on ranche in 1880.

BALDWIN & FREEMAN, mining, six men, Russell’s Gulch. (Review of mining industries in mountains during summer of 1859. RMN)

BALDWIN, J. W., member of first Constitutional Convention from Illinois Precinct in 1859. (List in files of RMN)

BALDWIN, S. Y., member first Constitutional Convention in 1859 from Golden City. (Files, RMN)

BALDWIN, William, of Perryville, Ohio, arrived May 12,1859, by Platte Route, 49 days enroute. Four companions. (RMN)

BALDY, George, arrived Sep 15, 1859, and in 1890 and later 1907 was a resident of New Orleans, Louisiana. Born Pennsylvania, Aug 26, 1839. (List of members, Colorado Pioneers’ Association)

BANCROFT, G. W., arrived Jun 15, 1857. Born in Missouri, May 12, 1832. Was of Denver 1890, and member Colorado Pioneers’ Association. (List)

BANE, ----, Banes’ Ranche was in 1859 a precinct mentioned in election returns. (RMN)

BANFELL, John. L., had four Donation Lots from Denver Town Company, 1858. (Liber A)

BANGLE, F. W., witness in Auraria, at transfer of Auraria lots. Dec 5, 1859. (Liber A)

BANKING Company, organized in Dec 1859, Messrs. R. B. Bradford, D. P. Wallingford, Amos Steck, E. W. Cobb, William Davidson, Jones & Cartwright, Hunt & Clark, M. D. Hickman, and H. H. McAffee.

BANNISTER & COMPANY, working nine men, Russell’s Gulch, mining, summer 1859.

BANTA, Daniel, arrived Jun 1, 1859. Born Indiana May 30, 1829. Lived Denver. N. (List, Colorado Pioneers’ Association)

BANTER, A., name in Capt. William Valentine’s list of arrivals in wagon train of six wagons, Apr 14, 1859. 23 days from St. Joseph. He is from La Salle, Illinois. (Cherry Creek Pioneer, list of arrivals in No. 1, Vol. 1, only copy)

BARA, Andrew, Oct 27, 1859, makes claim to one half section of land for a trading post and ranche, on Elk Creek where the Denver, Auraria and Colorado Wagon Road crosses said Creek. Recorded Nov 2, 1859 (either in Golden or Denver Liber A)

BARBER, William, vice president of the Rocky Mountain Debating Club, Denver and Auraria, 1859. (Mentioned in RMN files)

BARCK, Dr. ---, of Kansas Territory, arrives in wagon 10, of E. Doty’s Lightning train of ten wagons, May 22, 1859, accompanied by D. C. Farwell. (See under Doty for others of party.) (RMN files) E. W. Barck, name in list of members of first Constitutional Convention, summer of 1859 (RMN) delegate from Gregory Diggings. G. W. Barck (Dr.) is grantee from William Clancy, Aug 6, 1859, lots, Denver City, two “Draw lots” (Liber A, p. 24) and in August he is witness of deed, Denver City or Auraria and again at 7 o’clock p.m. is witness of deed between Perkins and Shafer to Fosdick & Cheever, Nov 1. In this signature he adds M.D. to his name. (G. W. and E. W. may be same name, as records are faulty in spelling of names, as copyists often misunderstand the original writing.)

BARDELL, Dr. Conrad, of Longmont, Colorado, in 1880. Born Switzerland, Aug 20, 1836. Came to United States with parents when young, lived in Madison County, Illinois, and in spring of 1859 arrived Colorado, mined in Russell’s Gulch, and in vicinity of Pike’s Peak, but when war broke out in Fall of 1861 returned to States and enlisted with 26th Illinois Regular Volunteers in the musical department. After this he returned to Switzerland, studied medicine one year, and received degree of M.D. and returned to Illinois, began practice in Vandalia, Illinois, then St. Louis, then health failing, he joined the Greeley Colony, and came to that place in Colorado. Later came to Longmont, then trips to Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, but returned Longmont. Married Miss Emma Barr of Carroll County, Missouri. Two sons. (History Boulder Valley Pioneers)

BARKER, Anselm A., arrived Oct 24, 1858, with Plattsmouth-Nebraska Company, was a stockholder of Auraria City in this year, and helped plan the town. Was member of the first Constitutional Convention 1859, a delegate from Eureka. Also member of the Constitutional Convention of 1876, a delegate from Denver. Was sergeant-at-arms of the Convention. Born Gallia, Ohio, Nov 23, 1822. He was a farmer, later a blacksmith. His arrival was with train of six teams and 15 men. Married in Ohio, Aug 7, 1843. Discovered Total Eclipse Mine and also located the Spanish Diggings. He did not bring his family to Colorado until 1860. His son, Lincoln Barker, is said to be one of the first white children born in Denver. In 1862, he went to ranching on Clear Creek (five years here), then Denver, blacksmithing. He mined at Gold Hill, and was once wounded by Utes, as mentioned in RMN of Nov 2, 1859, and later in the winter of this year the paper mentions his going to the States to get his family. He is said to have arrived with D. C. Oakes and Joseph Harper, meeting the returning Russell party enroute. He had lived a short time in both Iowa and Nebraska before coming to the Pike’s Peak region.

BARKER, B. A., grantor, to B. O. Russell, Sep 13, 1859, claim, mining, dated from Mountain City. (Gregory Record, Central City)

BARKLEY, W. G., grantee, Denver City lots, Dec 1859. (Liber A)

BARLETT & COMPANY, mining in Pleasant Valley, summer of 1859. (RMN)

BARLOW, W. C., grantee, R. E. Whitsitt, grantor, Apr 14, 1859, lot 8, south side Larimer Street between B. & C. Streets. Consideration $75. (Liber A)

BARNARD, H., farm claim on Cherry Creek adjacent A. O. Holcomb’s. (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber A, Dec 1859)

BARNES, (of Covington & Barnes) arrived from Williamsport, Warren County, Indiana, 1859. (RMN)

BARNES & COMPANY, five men, mining, Pleasant Valley. (Review of mines and mining in RMN, summer of 1859.)

BARNES, C. B., leaves a haunch of venison at RMN office Aug 6, 1859, the result of his hunting trip recently.

BARNES, W. M., arrived Aug 1859. Born Illinois, Sep 25, 1835. Residence, Denver 1890. (List of members of Colorado Pioneers’ Society published 1890, Denver.)

BARNET, Henry, name appears as grantee in Land Records, Denver, Dec 21, 1859. Burdick & Rice were grantors. (Lots)

BARNEY, (brothers, B. A. & L. Barney – see following), buy lots 15-16, block 21 Denver City, Dec 1859. An advertizement of Barney Brothers, proprietors, Apollo Saloon & Restaurant appears in RMN in Dec 1859, but it may have been an experiment.

BARNEY, Bishop A., (one of the Barney Brothers, above) owned “select” lots in the first year of arrival. He had several transfers, one from Daniel Knight Oct 13. He was probably born in Vermont, as was his brother. The obituaries published by the RMN in 1859 were as meagre as they could very well be. The following is one of them: “Died, Bishop A. Barney, in Denver City, Jul 10, 1867, after an illness of 30 hours, aged 40 years. Funeral at Episcopal Church, Jul 11 at 11 o’clock in forenoon.” (RMN Jul 10, 1867)

BARNEY, Libeus, crossed plains in the first coach of the Denver & Pike’s Peak Passenger Line, May 7, 1859. After mining with brother Bishop A., who died early, he became a house builder, and erected hall in which the first Provisional Legislature met. He later farmed, also had grocery. (Bancroft, Vol. 25, p. 385) Another authority says: “Libeus Barney was born Bennington, Vermont, Aug 13, 1829. He ‘ran’ the Peoples’ Theatre.” He was once mentioned in RMN as Judge of Election. Was the author of a number of interesting letters written in 1859, which were printed in pamphlet form. They were written for his home paper in Vermont.

BARNEY, William, arrived Boulder Aug 1859, in company with Wellman brothers. (History Boulder County)

BARNEY, William M., arrived Jul 9, 1859. Lived Longmont, 1890. Born Ohio. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Association. Living 1920 Longmont, Colorado.

BARNHILL & COMPANY, mining, Pleasant Valley, six men. Mentioned in RMN summer 1859, among notices of mining enterprises.

BARRETT, George W., pioneer of 1859. Lived Denver in 1920. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. Arrived Apr 1859, in gold fields. Born Tennessee, Oct 8, 1834. In the RMN of Dec 14, 1865, occurs the following marriage notice: “George W. Barrett and Lucy Ann Castello were married at Catholic Church, Denver, Dec 13, 1865 by Rev. Father Machebeuf. Both of Fairplay, Park County, Colorado.”

BARRETT, Wesley, (could this be the same?) was mentioned in RMN as miner in Clear Creek and Boulder Counties in 1859. Bancroft in Vol. 25, p. 379, says that Wesley Barrett discovered the Barrett and American Flag Mine in Gilpin County.

BARRIGER, William, lived in old Wadsworth cabin (Arvada) before the Wadsworths owned it, according to Mr. William Allen of Arvada, a very early pioneer, who says that Barriger probably built it, and he is certain that he was an arrival of 1859. (?) This cabin has been moved into the Park in Arvada, and will be preserved as the only remaining log cabin in the neighborhood. (1924)

BARRON, J. W., pioneer of 1850, scout, guide, Sheriff of Elbert County, also station keeper, and stage driver for Holliday and Butterfield, also for the U. S. Express Company. Was born 1821. (RMN)

BARTHOLOMEW, C. A., arrived Apr 1859. Lived Breckenridge. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. Born Ohio, Jul 17, 1839. (List, members)

BARTHOLOMEW, N. G., of firm of Washburn, Miller & Company, mining at Mountain City in summer of 1859. This is mentioned in RMN and later mention is made of his departure for the States, where he takes boat from St. Joseph, Missouri (boat “Empire State”) bound for Tompkins County, New York.

BARTLETT, E. G., mentioned in RMN as Territorial Representative Elect from the 6th District. (1859)

BARTON, R., mentioned in RMN 1859 file as delegate from Illinois Central Diggings.

BARTON, W. W., This name appears in my list of Fiftyniners, culled from files, but unfortunately the reference has been lost.

BARTROF?, F., original stockholder of Auraria in 1858.

BASES, Samuel, (Bates ?) Dec 7, 1859, grantee, from Auraria Town Company 17 Auraria lots. (Liber D, old, p. 129)

BASFORD, H. O., arrived Cherry Creek 1859 walking most of way with ox team. Was associated with Byers in printing. (RMN) After ten years in Denver to Austin, Minnesota, where he published the Austin Register, and then returned to Denver. One son, Harry M. Basford (Denver) and a sister, Mrs. C. P. Knight, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and brother, P. D. Basford, of Beloit, Wisconsin. He died Denver Feb 19, 1924. (Clippings)

BASSETT, Alden B., pioneer 1859 living Del Norte, Colorado in 1920. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society.

BASSETT, George C., grantee, lots in Auraria, Nov 1859.

BASSETT & GRIFFITH, firm, Denver, 1859. (RMN)

BASSETT, Peleg T., a Director of the Denver City Town Company and its Recorder in autumn of 1858, was shot and killed by John Scudder Apr 16, 1859, in Auraria. His administration notice appears in RMN May 28, 1859. The house where he lived in Auraria (with Alex Wood) was situated in lot 12, block 35. Administrator’s sale of same is noted. George N. Hill signs paper. (Liber D, old, p. 103)

BASSETT, W. H., in spring of 1859, Auraria Town Company gives him “Donation Lots in Auraria.”

BASYE? (Barye?), Harry, of Arapahoe County, grantee of lots in Auraria from T. H. Warren, Jan 12, 1860. Probably a ‘59 arrival.

BATCHELDER, D. J., of Mountain City, records his mining claim, Sep 7, 1859. Gregory Diggings. (Gregory Record of 1859) Batchelder & Company Mining in Gregory Diggings Oct 1859. (Reference to them Gregory Record, p. 22, Central City)

BATES & COMPANY, Sluice mines, Gregory Diggings. 1859. (RMN)

BATES, George A., arrived with the “Kansas Company” wagons coming in to Montana City, Nov 2, 1858. (Another authority says he came with “Plattsmouth Nebraska Company” Oct 24, 1858.)

BATES LODE (mine, mentioned frequently in 1859.)

BATES, Samuel, of original Georgia, or Green Russell party, arrived 1858. Was original stockholder of Auraria City 1858. From Lumpkin County, Georgia.

BATES, William A., witness to signing of deed, Nov 9, 1859, Denver City lots.

BATES, William H., (may be same as above) was President of Jefferson Quartz Lead Company (1859) (Mammoth Quartz Lead Company another description, and is mentioned in RMN as returning from the States and has new Quartz Mill.) Capt. W. H. Bates is his name. In winter of 1859, Dec 3, he has grant from Auraria Town Company of lots in blocks 144-188-227-240. (Liber C, old, p. 120)

BAUGH & ELDER, storage and commission merchants, Ferry Street, Auraria, Kansas Territory.

BAUGH, F. M., of Baugh & Elder, Ferry Street, Auraria 1859. His signature is on deed as witness Oct 29, 1859, Auraria. Dec 14 he moves his auction and commission house further up Ferry Street.

BAUGH, J. H., born Missouri, Feb 6, 1832. Arrived Cherry Creek Jun 1, 1859, lived Longmont, Colorado at time of publication of Frank Hall’s Colorado History in which his name appears in roll of Pioneers.

BAUM, George F., 1858, to Cherry Creek included in party with George C. Schlier.

BAXTER, O. H. P., Pioneer of 1858, and was one of the locators of Pueblo. In Battle of Sand Creek, later he was a Captain. Was member Territorial Council at two sessions following. Lived Auraria 1859. Name signed to deed as witness on Mar 5.

BAYAUD, George D., farm claim located Dec 14, 1859. (Liber A)

BAYAUD, Theodore W., grantee, lots or lot 27, block 19, Denver City on Blake Street, consideration $200 dated Aug 8, 1859.

BAYAUD, Thomas J., said to have been very prominent among the arrivals of 1859. In the little Directory of that year he is mentioned as in the lumber business in Denver and Auraria. He owned a sawmill at Mountain City (the Excelsior Mill), had some land and real estate transactions, and proposed to bridge the Platte River in 1859. It had only a ferry at this time. He was Senior Warden and a founder of the Episcopal Church in Denver City, Feb 19, 1860. He was taken ill up Cherry Creek where he had made trip to look at sawmill, in company with old Mr. John W. Smith, and died soon afterward. He was a partner of D. S. Bentley in the building business, and they contracted to build frame houses, and Oct 24, 1859, one was taken to build. An interesting description is in the old record book (Liber C, p. 284). Bayaud Street in Denver is named for him, it is said.

BAYOU-SALADE, name of the ”Tarryall Creek” placer mining district. It was a locality of salt springs, South Park.

BAY STATE Precinct, a political district near Denver City mentioned in 1859.

BEACH, Melancthon S., arrived 1859, and was “of Arapahoe County” and a Notary Public in 1860. He removed to Colorado City in this year and the 1869 file of the Canon City Times, Oct 13, speaks of a visit from him: “The scroll of years rolled back, and we stood once more on the banks of the Fox, our Alma Mater rearing her classic walls in the distance.” etc. editorial. (The file of Canon City Times is owned now by the Colorado University Library in Boulder.) In 1899 Mell S. Beach was of old Colorado City, and in 1907 of Delta, Colorado. His arrival is given as Jun 28, 1859, in one of the pioneers’ lists.

BEAL, (or Beale), Roger T., was a witness Denver, Sep 9, 1859, in deed between the Admr. of Edward Hay of Denver and P. Marcellus of Washington County, Nebraska.

BEAL or BEALL, S. W., “Gov. Beall was late of Wisconsin,” RMN making comment May 14, 1859. Later in Land Records it appears that Gov. S. W. Beall was given 14 shares of Auraria Town Company stock in consideration of his erecting building. He was delegate from Denver Jun 11, 1859, to the first Constitutional Convention. He was a party to sale of land on Platte River (Liber A, p. 161). In the Auraria Masonic work he was a founding member with others, of Auraria Lodge, autumn of 1859, being formerly member of Lodge No. 1 (Madison Lodge) of Wisconsin. As Hon. S. W. Beall he was candidate for City Recorder Dec 14, 1859. He was also referred to as Gen. Beall, and spoke at a meeting recorded in the RMN. The following firms appear in the records of this year: Beall & Edling, and Allen & Beall, who had grant from Denver City Town Company Aug 23, 1859. It is stated that Samuel W. Beall had been Lieut. Gov. of Wisconsin from Jan 1850, to Jan 1852.

BEALL, L. M., grantee of Donation Lots in Auraria by the Auraria City Town Company spring, 1859.

BEALL, R. L., witness, Denver City, sale of lots, Jul 28, 1859.

BEALL, Washington B., of Arapahoe County, Jan 11, 1860, conveys Denver lots. (Probably came in 1859, or was enroute.)

BEAMAN, Joseph S., (also given as Joseph D.?) Arrived May 26, 1859. (Record of Pioneers of Gilpin County) Died. Resided in Central City from early date, probably soon after arrival. Born Baden, Germany, had lived in New Orleans, St. Louis. Brewing trade. Later bottling soda and mineral waters. Lived in Denver, 1907.

BEAN, Bedard & Company, firm, their train expected soon (Cherry Creek Pioneer in Vol. 1, No. l, Apr 23, 1859 - only issue).

BEANS, Isaiah, grantor of lot 8, block 9, Auraria City, to Joel Gottlieb, Oct 14, 1859. Another: Isaiah Beans, grantee from Levi Kime, Denver City lots, Oct 31. (The last transaction is in Liber B, p. 35). There is a transaction between J. Beans and Thomas Pollock lot 12, block 12, Auraria, Oct 15, 1859. (This may be Isaiah above.?)

BEANS, R. C., had a ranche claim on the first creek south of Plum Creek 40 miles above Denver, on road to Colorado Springs Jan 1860, for in description of Thomas Smith’s claim it is said to be next that of R. C. Beans.

BEARCAW, Albert, a founder of the American Pueblo 1859, and member of the Town Company.

BEARCAW, Robert, a founder of Canon City in 1859. (Also spelled Bercaw).

BEATTY, William R., arrived Oct 1857. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Association in whose printed list date was found. Born Ohio, 1838. Living Denver 1890 and later in 1920.

BEAUBIEN, Charles, in list of grocers of Denver, Directory 1859. Store on Larimer Street. This name Beaubien is also spelled Beaubon.

BEAUBON & MILLER, merchants of Auraria City mentioned in list in RMN as merchants handling gold dust.

BEAURIEN, J. P., (also spelled Beaurain) owns Denver lots Sept 20, 1859. Mentioned in old record book.

BECK & COMPANY, firm, working eight men, mining in Pleasant Valley summer of 1859, as listed in several copies of RMN.

BECKER, A., Pioneer of 1858-59 at Boulder.

BECKER, John D., noted Boulder County Pioneer of 1859. Was born Belgium, Jan 13, 1827. Trade of carpenter and millwright, then emigrated U.S.A., 1855. Resided in Virginia, New York City, and Iowa City, Iowa, then emigrated Colorado, lumbering in the mountains. Then pre-empted 160 acres ranche land, South Boulder Creek dairying, then 1865 built Butte Flouring mill (Judge O. M. Housel being associated with him financially). Married Mary Dahen; had one son and five daughters (notes from a longer record in History Boulder County.)

BECKER, Theodore H., arrived Cherry Creek and Auraria City Oct 1859. Removed Mountain City Mar 1864. His name is in list of Gilpin County Record Book of Pioneers 1858-9.

BECKWITH, Fred C., arrived Denver City, 1859. Born on farm, Sullivan County, New Hampshire Jan 22, 1840. In 1858 he came west, and from Rockford, Illinois left in Apr 1859 for Pike’s Peak with ox-team. Arrived on site of Boulder in July, took up land claim in St. Vrain Valley, built home, kept store, etc. Had the town of Longmont located. In 1880 was associate editor of the Longmont Press, his brother’s paper. In 1865 he married in Bath, Maine, Miss Louise P. Fisher of Sagadahoc County, Maine.

BECKWOURTH, Capt. James P., celebrated mountaineer and Crow Chief, honors the RMN with a visit during 1859. He is said to have a mixture of several nationalities in his blood. Born in Virginia, he ran away to New Mexico, and was a famous guide and interpreter among the Indians. He died in 1867. Almost all the histories of Colorado are full of his memoirs. There is an appreciation of him at time of his death in RMN, p. 1, Feb 5, 1867. The following marriage notice is in the RMN of Jun 27, 1860: “Mr. James Beckwourth married Miss Elizabeth Lettbetter of Denver, Jun 21, 1860, by A. O. McGrew, Esq.” If not the Capt. himself, the similarity of names is interesting.

BEEBE, A., name appears in a list of Golden Pioneers. (Clipping)

BEEBE & COMPANY, three men, mining, Pleasant Valley, summer 1859. (RMN)

BEEBE, F. W., member of original Town Company of Golden, 1859. He is said to have laid out the platted Golden. Later was a well known hotel man of Idaho Springs and Manitou, owning the Beebe House, a fine hotel at the last place.

BEEBE, H., arrives from De Soto, Nebraska, in party with D. D. Stout and family, W. H. B. Stout, J. White, Alex Carter, Mr. Shields and family, John Binckley and family, George McKinsey, Sr. and Jr., and J. Donald, son, and Patrick McGinnalso, W. P. Wilmore from Rockport, Missouri, all via Platte Route, in company with the B. J. Stout party. (See) Arrived May 14, 1859, nearly all of them are from De Soto, Nebraska. (RMN)

BEHEN, Louis, grantee, with Isadore Strasburg, part lot 12, block 3, Auraria City, on San Luis and 6th Streets, Nov 28, 1859.

BELCHER, G. N., of Golden City, arrived Jul 18, 1859. Was living Golden in 1881. Was candidate for Sheriff 1859 under Provisional Government, Jefferson Territory.

BELCHER?, Mr. ---, arrived Golden, Aug 1859, with party with Wellman brothers. (This may be same, or relative?)

BELDEN, S. M., of Mountain City, 1859, petitions to know why no votes were returned from his camp for Mr. Kehler and others, etc. (RMN)

BELFORD, U., arrived Nov 1859. Is in list of claimants for land for addition to Town of Golden Gate, “and they have laid a foundation for a house, etc.”

BELL, Clifton, resided Denver 1890, arrived Denver Jul 16, 1859. Born Apr 17, 1849. He lived at the Windsor Hotel in its palmy days and lost three beautiful young children in a few weeks’ time, they being buried in Riverside. The gravestones can still be seen, the sculptures almost obliterated.

BELT, ---, mentioned by Bancroft as member of the Town Company of the American section of Pueblo in 1859. W. M. Belt was a delegate to the first Constitutional Convention, and Dr. Belt received Donation Lots with promise to build from Denver Town Company, 1859.

BEMBRICK, B. F., grantor, lot 12, block 10, Auraria City, to J. J. Riethmann, Nov 2, 1859, consideration $200. He sells fraction of this lot to Luke Voorhees, same day.

BEMROSE, William, arrived Oct 5, 1859, lived Denver, 1890. Born Feb 12, 1836. (from list of Colorado Pioneers published by the Society circa 1890.)

BENDEM, M., witness Sep 29, 1859, to deed to ranche on Clear Creek near Denver City. (Liber A)

BENDER, J. (of Ohio) was buried in an earth cave–in at claim of Henderson and Gridley on Gregorie’s Lead, Jul 1859, but was not killed. (RMN)

BENKER, ---, a miner, was shot and killed by Indians on Clear Creek in early summer of 1859. (RMN)

BENNARD, M. W., grantee, William Clancy, grantor, Aug 2, 1859, Denver lots.

BENNETT, A. (or Alexander). Governor A. Bennett was manager of the Grand Ball at opening of the Apollo House, Sep 15, 1859. He lived Denver City. Had several land transactions; one with James S. Lowrie, Sep 19, another with B. F. Jeffries, Sep 21, and with William McCuen Nov 2, 1859. He is mentioned in a list in RMN of merchants handling gold dust.

BENNETT, Mrs. Annie, certificate is issued entitling her to select lots 7-8 in block 98, Denver City, issued Sep 26, 1859. “Mrs. Annie Bennett P.E.W.” (Arapahoe County Land Records, old)

BENNETT, Mrs. E. L., (a daughter of D. C. Oakes) came to Colorado in 1859, probably as a child. She was living 1881 in Denver and attended a Pioneers’ banquet at Windsor Hotel.

BENNETT, George W., a resident of Denver. Born Pennsylvania, Aug 4, 1836. Arrived Colorado Oct 5, 1859. Was member of Colorado Pioneers’ Society. Note from their list.

BENNETT, Hon. Hiram P., lawyer and Member of Congress. Arrived Auraria City, Oct 5, 1859. He was born Carthage, Maine, Sep 2, 1826. Had a common school education in Ohio. Emigrated to Iowa, and held a judgeship in western Iowa (1852). In 1854 removed to Nebraska Territory, was at once elected member Territorial Council. In 1858, re-elected to Nebraska Legislature, and made Speaker of House. After his removal to Colorado in 1859, he was elected to Congress, serving in the 37th and 38th from 1860 to 1864. (Note from Dist. Of Congress, Lanman, p. 27, 1866) In a list of Colorado Pioneers published 1890, Bennett is given as having been born in New York, Dec 1, 1822 (?) Another account of him says that he emigrated to Richland County, Ohio in 1837, and in 1839 to Andrew County, Missouri. Was admitted to the Bar in 1851, and in 1852 settled in western Iowa, and was candidate for Congress there against Bird R. Chapman.

In the early sixties he and Moses Hallet became partners, and earlier he was

Beverley D. Williams’ opponent for Congress in 1861, and defeated Williams who was a Democrat. Bennett lived in Auraria, and wished to raise a Union flag over his house. He had traded a lot in Golden City for this flag, and was very proud of it. He invited a large party and raised the flag, which had a fine effect on Auraria where much Confederate sentiment prevailed. (Auraria, it will be remembered was settled by Georgians only three years before, and many were still there.)

In the RMN of Nov 18, 1867 appears the following: “Died, Saturday, Nov 7, 1867,

Sarah, wife of H. P. Bennett, age 39 years. The deceased was a kind wife and mother, and the possessor of all the virtues which mark the life of a true Christian.”

On Apr 20, 1869, the following was filed for record in Arapahoe County: “Hiram P. Bennett married Miss Clara M. Ames, Apr 16, 1869, by Samuel S. Spear, supplying St. John’s, Denver. (Land Records, Liber 17, p. 42)

From the RMN Sep 25, 1869: “Died in Oregon, Dane County, Wisconsin, Mrs. Emily B. Ames, aged 65 years. She was mother of Mrs. H. P. Bennett and Mrs. C. H. McLaughlin of this city.”

Another item of interest, from files of one of the Denver papers of which the reference is lacking, “Died, Mrs. Melissa Bennett Nuchols, wife of Emmet Nuchols, was daughter of Isaiah H. Bennett (and born Bellevue, Nebraska, first white child born in Nebraska Territory) and was niece of H. P. Bennett of Denver, who educated her at Georgetown when he was in Congress. She came to Colorado in 1866, died in Denver May 15, 1874, aged 26 years.

Portrait of Hon. H. P. Bennett is on p. 418, Smiley’s History of Denver.

Judge Bennett died in Denver Nov 1914, aged 83 years. (Colorado Transcript, Golden.)

BENNETT, Homer, pupil in a private school in 1859. Auraria. John Bennett, pupil in same school with Homer Bennett.

BENNETT, J. W., accompanied by W. M. Crane, arrived in Auraria with 16 others, by Express Route May 28, 1859. Most of them were from Greenville County, Michigan. (Greenville Comp. Michigan list of arrivals RMN)

BENNETT, R., arrived with D. D. Taylor’s Company of 14 men from St. Joseph, Missouri. 30 days. His companions were: H. Emerson (Louisiana) M. B., H. and N., Earl, William Scoville, M. Godall, R. O. Chapel. The last six with R. Bennett were from Iowa. Wagon train. Taylor was from Massachusetts. Arrived Denver and Auraria May 17, 1859. (RMN list arrivals)

BENNETT, Samuel, pupil at private school 1859 Auraria, with Homer and John Bennett. This school was on east side Ferry Street between Larimer and McGaa (or Holiday) and was taught by F. B. Steinberger, and opened in Sep 1859 (see for list of pupils under the name of the teacher.)

BENNETT, William, late of Nebraska City, Nebraska, died at his residence probably in Auraria, Henrietta Bromwell [Editor]) Jan 13, 1860, in the 23rd year of his age. He was buried by the Odd Fellows in the Auraria Cemetery (?) with the honors of the Order, he being member of Frontier Lodge No. 30 of Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory. (Another mention says Fremont, Nebraska.) “He was a fine character, and had lately emigrated to the gold regions, taking his station in the first class of society.” (RMN)

BENTLEY, Daniel S., originally from Rhode Island, of the Denver City Water Company is in 1859 member of the first Constitutional Convention, a delegate from Eureka.

BENTON, W. G. Jr., lots conveyed to him Aug 23, 1859. (Denver)

BENTON, Walter S., of Golden, files claim for ranche land in Jefferson County, near base of mountains, south of Clear Creek 1-1/2 miles located on Jan 2, 1860. (Jefferson County Land Records, Liber A)

BERCAW, A. F., arrived in 8th wagon, Lawrence party, 1858. This party brought provisions to the goldfields.

BERGEN, T., (Morrison) arrived Cherry Creek Jun 23, 1859. Born Indiana Jun 8, 1820. Had home where Bergen Park is now laid out. In year of arrival he files claim for ranche land in Jefferson County, Jefferson Territory located in June of that year, and occupied by him as a home ever since that time. (Jefferson County Land Records, Liber A, p. 50) He died Feb 1891 and will probated Apr 27, Golden, Jefferson County. Widow, Judith R., daughter Sarah E. Bergen, daughter Mattie A. Bergen Greene, sons Charles T. and William H., daughter Judith R., watch and chain, Sarah E. has bequest of the Park property in Morrison, and the home, etc. (He divides property among them.)

BERKELEY, or BURKLEY, Mr. ---, arrived from Nebraska Territory May 5, 1859. (RMN)

BERKELEY, B. F., of Arapahoe County, buys lots and Aug 10, 1859, sold his farm claim near Old Spanish Diggings, four miles from Denver, on Platte bought of A. O. McGrew, to P. Evelyn Clark and later in year, Oct 6, J. M. Clark and wife (or J. F. Clark and wife?) deed him some property. (Liber A, p. 259)

BERRY, Mr., arrived from Nevada, Iowa, with family (list in RMN) summer of 1859.

BERRY, Louis W. (Lewis W.), arrived May, 1859. Born New York Dec 1, 1822, lived in Idaho Springs, 1890. (Pioneers’ list of 1890). Capt. Lewis W. Berry was born Brooklyn. Came to Central on arrival in goldfields, mined there, but in 1863 went to Montana to mine, but returned Colorado, 1865, locating at Georgetown, then Idaho Springs. He was a painter, and was appointed Master painter when in the Navy in 1853. He was raised to rank of Captain in the Mexican War, 1846, under Winfield Scott (General) and raised a company in New Orleans. In 1880 he owned considerable mining property in or near Georgetown.

BERTHOUD, Capt. E. L., Member of Golden City Town Company, 1859. Finished survey of Golden this year or early in 1860, was always most prominent in road construction and making of highways in dangerous parts of the mountains. Berthoud Pass named for him.

BERTOLETTE, John, stage driver, 1859, who drove the stage in which Judge Amos Steck arrived in the gold diggings of Cherry Creek. (Recollection of Miss Belle Steck.)

BERTOLETTE, John C., living in Deer Creek, 1890. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. Arrived Denver May 5, 1858. Born Pennsylvania, Dec 13, 1837. Still living at Deer Creek in 1920. (May be same as John Bertolette above?)

BERTROFF, Fred, of Cherry Creek, 1890, arrived Denver and Auraria, 1858. Born Germany, Jan 31, 1832. (Hall’s History of Colorado list pioneers.)

BEST, Joseph H., member of the Boston Company of Golden City, 1859. Occupied old log house on Washington and 10th streets, Golden, for a storehouse for merchandise. George West afterward printed his paper in same building.

BETTS, Jake, arrived May 22, 1859 with the Lone Star Company, by Smoky Hill route, 39 days from Ft. Riley, 26 men in party, of wagon train. (RMN list of arrivals)

BEVERLEY, ---, of Connolly & Beverley, mining, in 1859 in Clear Creek and Boulder Districts. (RMN)

BEVERLEY, Mr. ---, miner, at base of the Snowy Range, 1859. (RMN)

BEVERLY or BEVERLEY, J. M., born Culpepper County, Virginia, Apr 9, 1813. Moved to farm near Paris, Illinois, with parents, attended District School in his 14th year and the Marshall Academy one year, after which he kept school. In Mar 1859 arrived Clear Creek where Golden stands accompanied by his father J. R. Beverley (one authority says they came 1858?); went to Gregory Diggings, discovered Burroughs Lode in 1862, built quartz mill in Nevada Gulch (Beverley Mill) and another in 1868. He went into the brokerage business in Chicago, studied law, was admitted to the Bar, 1877. Returned Colorado and entered mining again with success.

BEVERLEY J. R., father of J. M. and William H., arrived Colorado 1859 with J. M. Beverley, and was a member of the J. R. Beverley Company at Nevada Gulch, building Nevada Tunnell, etc.

BEVERLEY, Dr. William H., son of J. R., and brother of J. M. Beverley. Born Thornville, Perry County, Ohio, Jun 28, 1837. (?) Moved with his father and brother to Edgar County, Illinois, near Paris, thence in 1844 to Clark County, same state. Studied at the Marshall Academy. (This was a very fine school at this time kept by Rev. Dean Andrews. H. P.H. Bromwell attended this Academy at about the same time. Henrietta E. Bromwell) and began the study of medicine with Dr. Gard of Martinsville, Illinois, with whom he remained one year, and subsequently two years with Drs. Fleming Rice Payne and Henry Rice Payne of Marshall.

He then entered Rush Medical College, Chicago, Graduate M.D. Spring, 1859 he began practice in town of Kansas, Illinois. After coming to Colorado he settled at Nevadaville, engaging in practice in 1860. Since which time he has resided there devoting attention to mining. He married Miss Katie A. Fristoe, Oct 28, 1861.

(History of Clear Creek and Boulder Valleys Colorado, p. 440, 1880, by O. L. Baskin & Company, Chicago.)

Note by Henrietta E. Bromwell: The record of Dr. W. H. Beverley is added to the notes relating to his father and brother, above, more to throw light on the family history, as he is said to have arrived in Colorado in 1860 and is not himself a “Fiftyniner.” However, I am sure I have heard it disputed and the affirmation made that he did come in 1859 late in December. (?) As he studied medicine with my Uncle Henry Rice Payne and great Uncle Fleming R. Payne in Marshall, Illinois during my father’s earlier days at Marshall Academy, I am myself willing to give him the benefit of the doubt, whatever other people may say about it.

BICKFORD, E., arrived May 17, 1859 in D. D. Taylor’s Company. 30 days from St. Joseph, Missouri. May be from Iowa as some of the party seem so to be. E. R. Bickford (probably same?) is grantee in Nov 1859, lot on McGaa Street, and is grantor Dec 26 to H. Hitchins of some Denver lots.

BIENCROFF, Thomas, pioneer 1858, brother-in-law of Stoefel. (See Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. III, p. 268, for further information.)

BIGELOW? E. W., stockholder in Auraria Town Company, 1858.

BIGGS & COMPANY, (BEGGS?), mining in Russell Gulch, spring 1859 with five men.

BIJOU RANCHE, a station on the “Cut Off Road,” Julesburg to Denver, kept by “Col.” N. D. Morris. (Note in Sopris’ Manuscript Record.)

BILLOWS, John, arrived with Henry W. Hance & Company May 16, 1859. “He is of Florissant, Missouri…” (RMN)

BINKLEY, John, with family arrived May 14, 1859, via Platte Route with D. D. Stout and B. J. Stout’s parties, all inclusive, about 7 wagons. (RMN)

BINKLEY, John A., died Jan 26, 1924 in Denver. Born in Indiana. Was a freighter since 1858 to Park and Lake Counties, later in the cattle business. His eldest daughter, Kate, (now Mrs. Gorman), was born on corner of Arapahoe and F. Streets (Arapahoe & 15th Streets) (may be same as above?) The Trail, February 1924.

Mary and John Binkley, husband and wife, were grantors of lots in Denver City, Dec 1, 1859. (Liber A)

BIRD, J. H., member of old Boston Company doing business in Golden City, 1859 and later. (See this Company) One of this name is also advertizing sign painting in Golden paper, Dec 14, 1859.

BISHOP, N. G., arrived May 28, 1859. (List of arrivals in RMN)

BISSELL, Dr. C. R., elected County Judge, 1859, Arapahoe County, and later described in RMN as of Mountain City, Gregory Diggings. In the Gregory Record book in Central is the following: “C. R. Bissell is acting in stead of Thomas Cassell in filing Cassell’s claim, Sep 1859.”

BLACK, G. W., grantee in 1859 of lots from J. L. McCubbin, which he sells to J. W. Benedict Aug 4, 1860.

BLACK, Joseph, of firm of Black & Parsons, partners in Denver lots 9-10, block 47, Oct 15, 1859. This firm were grantees of these lots from John J. Smith on this date, consideration $150. (John Parsons)

BLACK, L. (or Lee M. Black), arrived from Kentucky May 22 1859, in wagon 3 of E. Doty’s Lightning Express of 19 wagons. (RMN) In a later issue this paper publishes, on p. 2 Aug 18, 1874, a very complete biography of his interesting career as follows: (abbreviated) “Lee M. Black, born Laurel County, Kentucky Oct 1830. Left home at age 17, without education or money, learned carpenter trade in Somerset, Pulaski County, lived Crab Orchard one year. Then returned to Laurel County and married Miss Curd, a neighbor. Lived next in Louden, seat of Laurel County. Here he built the Seminary. In spring of 1859 set out for Pike’s Peak, with a young man named --- Hackney. They, with three men, purchased outfit at Leavenworth. In the interior of Kansas they joined 45 other men, organized a company, and started by Smoky Hill Route. This route is noted for its difficulty and great suffering which often occurs. This trip took two and a half months, but they arrived in Denver City but soon left it for the mountains where he mined and was very successful, became a rich man in very few years.” (A very interesting article, too long for this work, but can be found in the files of 1874. It would seem from the article that the L. Black mentioned first above is not the same as Lee M. Black.)

BLACKHAWK, on North Clear Creek, derived its name in 1859 from a mining company named for a famous Indian Chief. This place was on one side of Mountain City, and Central City on the other.

BLACKSTOCK, William, grantee, Jul 12, 1859, from J. T. Parkinson, administrator of estate of P. T. Bassett, lot 12, block 35, and house, in Auraria, the same house where “Bassett and Alex Wood formerly lived.” (Liber A)

Another: grantee, consideration $1, Auraria Town Company. Grantor, lot 1, block 52, lot 3, block 344, lot 3, block 95, lot 3, block 34 to William Blackstock, Oct 31, 1859, consideration $1. J. D. O’Connell witness.

Another: William Blackstock, his heirs and assigns, grantee from Auraria Town Company Dec 10, 1859, the following Auraria lots, consideration same, lot 9, block 10, lot 2, block 18, lot 1, block 170, lot 1, block 140, filed for record Jan 20, 1860.

(Note: it has been said that there was an artist in very early times named Blakelock. An Exhibition of his work was held in Denver in 1918 or later at Brown Palace Hotel. The name of Blackstock is the only name resembling this, which I have found in the early records. If Blakelock lived here in 1859, his name is not in the files or records of land transfers.)

BLAKE, Charles H., (for whom Blake Street, Denver City, was named), arrived autumn of 1858, with A. J. Williams at mouth of Cherry Creek with four wagon loads of merchandise. He became a storekeeper, and handled gold dust. Was one of the original stockholders of Auraria City, also of Denver City. He invested in both Denver and Auraria lots, buying and selling. He had, May 6, 1859, a certificate recorded which proves his ownership of one original share in Denver City. This he transferred to A. J. Williams, Jul 30, 1859. He was witness Dec 1 in sale of a Clear Creek farm, and other records on Liber A, p. 18 of old give description of his Denver lots.

He was appointed by Grand Master Rees of Kansas Territory on Aug 15, 1859 to be the first Junior Warden of the New Auraria Lodge U.D. and he was elected Worshipful Master in 1861. (His portrait is on p. 25 of the semi-Centennial booklet of Denver Lodge No. 5, published in 1909.) Blake was a relative of A. D. Richardson, the author of “Beyond the Mississippi” and he was formerly a merchant dressed in broadcloth. When seen by Richardson in Denver in 1859 he was scarcely recognizable in buckskins, etc.

The Colorado Republican and Rocky Mountain Herald of Aug 17, 1861 has the following: “Married, Aug 14, 1861, Mr. Charles H. Blake and Miss Annie C. Steinberger, both of this City.”

Blake died at his ranche near Pueblo about Sep 20, 1894.

BLAKE, I., witness to transfer of deed, Auraria, Apr 8, 1859.

BLAKE, Joseph, witness to deed from J. H. Russell, to Fidelia Anne Farewell of Denver, Jul 29, 1859.

BLAKE & WILLIAMS, firm merchants in tent at first, said to be from Crescent City, Iowa. (Charles H. Blake, above, and A. J. Williams) Had first business on Cherry Creek, located on north side Wewatta, near Cherry (12th) in Auraria City.

BLAKELEY, H. E., resident Denver City, 1859. (Reference missing)

BLAKELIE, Jesse, grantor, lots in Auraria Apr 16, 1859. (Lot 9, block 35)

BLAKEY, R. B., claims in Prospect Lode, Oct 1, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 13)

BLANCHARD, Jerome, arrived Denver Jun 22, 1859 with Robert Rowe and Jewett Sheldon, in one wagon. Was offered an interest in Denver Town site for his team, but refused to sell. He was born in New York Jul 18, 1833, according to information in Hall’s History of Colorado. Lived in Denver 1907.

BLANTON, B. H., was a merchant, Denver City, Blake Street (Directory of 1859). He was a witness in transfer of Denver lots Nov 16, 1859, and mentioned in RMN as a merchant handling gold dust. He had a partner, or partners, for the firm was B. H. Blanton and Company.

BLEDSOE, Charles H., (of Summit County 1890), arrived Cherry Creek Dec 1858. Was born in Missouri Nov 17, 1842. Resided in Denver in 1907. (List of members Colorado Pioneers’ Society)

BLEDSOE, Malden, “of the County of Arapahoe” grantee, James S. White, grantor, lot 3, block 7, Auraria dated Jan 29, 1859. “On which there is a body of a log house.” Another: Malden Bledsoe (signs with a mark) grantor, lot 3, block 7, City of Auraria, Mar 8, 1859. “The lot is to be drawn by lottery at the first regular drawing of the Company.” To James N. Cochran. (House is “9 rounds high.”)

BLENNY, William E., witness to Joseph Merrivall’s deed, Oct 1859. He is “of Denver” and Nov 21 is grantee of Denver City lots from C. A. Cromwell.

BLENZ, A., witness at sale of Denver City lots, Nov 28, 1859.

BLISS, D., owned lots on Arapahoe Street, Denver City. Adjacent lots of Jesus Abrieu, May 12, 1859, mentioned in description of Abrieu’s property in the select and draw lots. David Bliss is grantee from Denver City Town Company Aug 23, 1859 several lots, which, on back of certificate are transferred to R. E. Whitsitt by D. W. Wright, in Aug 1860. Liber A, p. 185, old, has description. On Dec 4 he had Donation Lots from the Denver City Town Company, but the last seems to be dated 1858. So, he must have arrived in that year.

BLISS, F., name occurs with statistics of Golden City, 1859.

BLISS, G. W. (?), of Golden City, 1859, and name occurs as Auditor of Convention.

BLISS, Lucien W., was Secretary of State of the Provisional Government of 1859, and was also Secretary of the Council. He was a prominent man and promoter of law and order. In September of this year he took in the Vanover affair, unsuccessfully shooting at Vanover. He made his home in Golden generally. He had a duel with Dr. Stone during the year, after a dinner at the Broadwell House in Denver. On Dec 20 he withdrew his land claim for farming purposes situated in Jefferson County, Jefferson Territory. This description is in Liber A.

Later, in 1860, he was Secretary Pro Tem and member of Golden Masonic Lodge.

BLOCK, Joseph, born in France, Sep 1830. Pioneer of Oct 1859 to goldfields. (List of Colorado Pioneers in Hall’s History of Colorado, Vol. II)

BLOOD, Giles, arrived with the Lawrence Party in the 11th wagon in 1858. He was a stockholder of Auraria Town Company in this year, and grantor of Auraria lots in Dec 17, 1859, personally appearing before the Justice of Arapahoe County. He is said to have died before 1899.

BLOOD, Mrs. Lyman, of Jefferson County, had had one boy born in Gilpin County Jun 18, 1859, on Lawrence Street, Central City. His name is Carson D. Simpson. (Gilpin County Pioneers’ Record by the Secretary Chase Withrow of Central City.)

BLOOMFIELD, G. W., member Shiann Pass Town Company, organized 1859.

BLORE, William R., arrived Auraria Nov 2, 1858. Was one of the discoverers of the famous Horsfal Lode, in Gold Hill, which gave $10,000 in two seasons, with sluices. This was in Jun 1859. He was born Otsego County, New York 1833, of German descent. Resided as a child Erie County, Pennsylvania. In 1856, Nebraska (Sarpy County). After coming to Auraria he was one of the stockholders, assisting in laying out town, helping to build its first log houses. He mined and prospected in several places, but preferred Boulder County. Was President of the Gold Hill Mining Company, and several others. In three years the Horsfal Lode made $300,000. He had a ranche, which he sold and later was in the War, at the Battle of Sand Creek. He returned “to the States” and later, after returning, bought large ranche.

BLUE RIVER diggings, and BLUE FORK of the Colorado River were mining districts mentioned in the RMN 1859. (They may be the same.)

BLUNDELL, James, (J. Blundell & Company) from J. A. Chandler, RMN Oct 10, 1859, Denver City lots. Donaldson & Blundell was firm name of Missouri Flats and Illinois Gulch in 1859. Probably same man.

BLUNT, M. L. (Mark L.), was a member of the Old Boston Company doing business in Golden in 1859 and later. He helped print the Greeley Extra (RMN) during Horace Greeley’s memorable visit in 1859, and later in 1860 urged the Western Mountaineer while George West was absent in February in the States. He is “of Golden City” Jan 7, 1860 when he makes claim to land in Jefferson County, Jefferson Territory, description.

There is a marriage of which I have note, but without reference, but it must be the RMN, Mark L. Blunt and Miss Morella L. Clay, married by James McDonald, Justice of the Peace. All are formerly of Boston. The event occurred at the Jefferson House, in Golden City Feb 5, 1860 and a fine banquet was given by caterers Harvey & Wright, and Mr. West gave away the bride, the marriage being by the Episcopal service.

The Denver Tribune files of 1871 have the following: Mark L. Blunt married Miss Linda Stout, in Pueblo, Jul 2, 1871. (This could be a son or relative?) Mark L. Blunt died before 1901.

BLYNN, George, of Indiana, mentioned in spring of 1859 as arrived.

BLYNN, George, arrived Cherry Creek May 16, 1859, with party of Capt. Wilson Martin. All of Indiana. (RMN)

BOARD TREE BULCH in Gregory district mentioned in connection with names of Wood & Glass, on p. 50, Gregory Record of 1859.

BOBLETT, ---, mining company of Borton & Boblett, in Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats, summer of 1859. (RMN)

BOBTAIL LODE, famous Gregory District lode. 1859.

BOCKIN, Bolivar, Grantee of claims in Gregory Diggings on New York Lead, Oct 4, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 50)

BOGART (or BOGERT), Walter, arrived Denver City spring of 1859. He is from Wilmington, Illinois. (May 12 RMN list) Bogart & Smith is a mining company working in mountains in same year.

BOGGS, Thomas O., of firm of Boggs & St. James, merchants of Auraria and Denver, provisions and hardware, and they handle gold dust. Store on Blake Street. He was a very prominent person; had a number of transactions in Denver and Auraria lots. Was grantee May 12, 1859, from Edward St. Vrain, 50 or more lots, consideration was $1,500. Again in September, about 40 more from same person. (Liber A) Oct 6, he and St. James were grantees from (McGuire, p. 186, & La Chappelle, p. 270, old paging.)

BOLDER (or BOLDUE ?) Joseph, of Denver, Aug 22, 1859, is entitled to four select lots, Denver City, same date. (Liber A, p. 194)

BOLINGER, ---, the companion of A. D. Gamble (Gambell) on his first trip back to Denver gold dust obtained at his claim in “Gambell’s Gulch” June 1859.

BOLTON, H., arrived Boulder District 1858. Was a miner, said to be from St. Louis.

BOND, S. F., arrived Jun 8, 1859 (died) name in list of members Gilpin County Pioneers’ Society.

BONNELL, J. W., arrived by Express Route spring 1859. Accompanied by W. McCrane and 16 others. Came by the Greenville County of Michigan. (RMN)

BONTING (?) Charles F., arrived from Ohio spring 1859. (RMN)

BOON, ---, firm of Vasquez & Boon, in 1859 occupied new building on Ferry Street, Auraria City. (RMN)

BOON, George H., arrived 1859, member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, and was living 1920 in Salida, Colorado.

BOONE, Col. A. G., was not a pioneer exactly, but an explorer and Indian interpreter who visited the site of Denver with Gen. William Ashley’s trading expedition to the Rocky Mountains. This was in 1824, and he was Secretary for the Expedition and in 1824 camped on the site of Denver with the company of more than 100 men, of whom one was Col. Louis Vasquez. They wandered as far as Puget’s Sound, meeting some of the Hudson’s Bay trappers near Salt Lake. Col. Boone came several times to the Rocky Mountains, but not to settle until 1860 when he established a store on Blake Street between F. & G. Streets. He was born in Kentucky, a grandson of Daniel Boone, Greensburg his native place, date of birth Apr 17, 1806. His parents moved to Missouri when he was age 16. His apprenticeship was in an Indian Agency in southwest Missouri where he was clerk. Died Denver, at residence of his son-in-law, B. D. Spencer, in Jul 1884. His other daughters married as follows: H. W. Jones, residence Pueblo 1884, John Barnes of La Veta, Colorado, Elmer Otis, Commander of Post at San Antonio, Texas 1884, and Charles Hobart, stationed in Montana, 1884. Jim Baker visited Boone the last day of his life.

Notes from Hall’s History Colorado, Vol. II, p. 249:

Mr. Edward L. Gallatin was an admirer of Boone, and always kept a life-sized portrait in oil hanging in his home on Logan Avenue, Denver.

BOONE, Hampton L., was with the Argonauts of 1858 at Montana City. He lived at Arapahoe Village before Montana was started. He appears in Arapahoe County Land Records and in 1859 was grantee from James McGargle of Auraria of one half share in Denver City. Jan 27 (Liber A, pg. 41) His name does not appear in the 1861, 1866 or 1872 Directories of Denver. (Nor later)

BOONE, Hopkins M., was a name in list of killed in the Battle of Apache Canon, New Mexico Mar 28, 1862, fighting for the Union flag. (May be relative of some of these above.)

BOOTH, J. M., arrived from Missouri spring May 28, 1859. (RMN)

BOOTH, R. C., mining in Nevada Gulch, 1859. (Item in RMN)

BORG, John, member of firm Davis & Company, Gregory Diggings, Sep 20, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 49)

BORTON & BOBLETT, mining partners, 1859, in Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats. (RMN)

BORTON, Louis W., (of Clyde, Kansas 1890), arrived Cherry Creek Jan 1859 (Jun ?). Born Ohio, Sep 1, 1832. (List Colorado Pioneers published 1890)

He was a member of the first Constitutional Convention from Illinois Precinct, and was a candidate for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court under the Provisional Government also in this year. (1859)

BORTON, Reuben, arrived 1859. Pioneer of the Colorado Pioneers’ Society. In list of year 1920 he was living at Marion, Illinois. He was at this place in 1890 also according to an earlier list. He arrived in June. Was born Ohio, Nov 7, 1822. He removed to Golden City and in Jan 1860, was Justice of the Peace there. The following is from Land Records in Golden (period of 1859) Reuben Borton files claim for farming lands, Jefferson County, Jefferson Territory, in Table Mountain Canon, at a point where the spur of the mountain runs to the creek line near Eli Carter’s claim. 160 acres, located and surveyed in Jan 1860.

Rueben Borton’s plat
N.160 rods
W.       E.
S.120 rods
S.40 rods
Eli Carter’s claim

BORTROFF, Frederick, from Auraria Town Company some 24 Auraria lots. Nov 5, 1859.

BOSTON COMPANY, of Golden City, doing business as merchants. It makes statement recorded in Land Records, Liber A, p. 69, Sep 5, 1859.

George West was President of the Company, and the following were members: James McDonald, L. Panton, Mark L. Blunt, J. McIntyre, J. H. Bird, Walter Pollard. The company built, in 1859, the Boston building, of logs, now weatherboarded and standing near 19th and Washington Avenue, facing west. The Western Mountaineer was published here in 1859 by George West, and later the Golden Transcript. The old house, once so important, still stands near some giant cottonwoods and other trees bordering a small watercourse. It was the home of Mrs. Clara Nichols for some time, but there is much anxiety to demolish it among the newer and more irreverent of the townspeople. Two stories high, it seems a huge affair to be of 1859, and being one of the few remaining log houses in the county, ought to be preserved.

BOSTON, H., mentioned in RMN 1859 as of Boulder Creek Diggings.

BOTT, Arthur, certificate of his Denver lots dated Aug 1859. (Liber A)

BOTTS, Anthony, lived Colorado City 1907. Arrived Oct 19, 1858. Born in Alsace, France. (These two could be the same party?)

BOUGH, George, arrived May 20, 1859. Member Gilpin County Pioneer’s Association. Name in Secretary’s book given to Colorado Historical Society, Denver, by Mr. Chase Withrow in 1924.

BOUGHTON?, M. V., grantee, Auraria Town Company Grantor, Jan 15, 1859 lots in Auraria. (Liber C, p. 83)

“M. V. Boughton from Nebraska City Camp (,) advises the Board of Directors of Auraria Town Company, that J. H. Russell would build his house by the time mentioned, etc.” (Recorded in Arapahaoe County Land Records, Nov 1859.)

Mr. Boughton receives Donation Lots in Auraria and agrees to build. 1859.

BOULDER CITY and County, gold was discovered here by a party composed of Charles Clauser, J. S. Bull, William Huey, W. W. Jones, James Aikens and David Wooley, Jan 16, 1859, according to Amos Bixby, competent historian of Boulder County. The Boulder City Town Company was organized spring of this year. The Wellman Brothers reported that it had 29 log houses in August, another says 50. “Boulder Diggings” it was called at first. Boulder County had the following citizens in its first year: Judge Townsley (of Iowa City), B. F. Langley (of California), A. Vennage and J. Ely of Iowa, H. Bolton, D. Becker, D. McCown, and J. W. Wainwright of St. Louis, and many others since famous.

BOULDER CITY, Gold Hill, and Left Hand Wagon Road Company: incorporated Dec 1859, to construct toll road to Left Hand Creek.

BOULDUC (see Bolduc), Mr., merchant of Denver City, 1859, the first meeting to elect delegates to a Constitutional Convention was advertized to meet at his store in Denver, May 9, 1859. (RMN) (The Auraria electors were advertized to meet at Mr. Wooten’s store in Auraria City.)

BOUTWELL, James L., arrived Jun 8, 1859, lived Denver 1890. Was born New York Oct 27, 1821. (Pioneers’ list of members)

James L. Boutwell files land claim taken Oct 26, 1859, and was grantor Aug 15, 1860 to Davidson, Breath & Company (of the County & Territory of Jefferson). Mr. Boutwell, styling himself as “of the County of Jackson and Territory of Jefferson.” Said claim being situated in the county of Jackson and Territory of Jefferson, 6 miles in an easterly direction from Boulder, on Boulder Creek bottom, or valley, described as follows: James L. Boutwell’s land claim, 160 acres, beginning at a stake 80 rods below the lower corner of the Bluff Rock, known as “The Sandstone Rock” on Boulder Creek, thence running north one half mile, thence east, etc. This was sold Aug 13, 1862 in presence of I. H. Decker, Boulder City.

BOWEN, ---, arrived 1858. Started May 22 with Lawrence party in 2nd wagon. He is said to have been member of an expedition later to carry supplies westward to the miners.

BOWEN, E., arrived Apr 14, 1859, via Capt. William Vallentine’s train of six wagons. From La Salle, Illinois, 29 days from St. Joseph, Missouri. (Cherry Creek Pioneer, No. 1, Vol. l, Apr 23, 1859)

BOWEN, L. L., was acting secretary of the Territory of Jefferson, 1859.

BOWERS & COMPANY, mining, Tarryall, three men. (RMN list of mining men.)

BOWERS & COMPANY of South Platte Diggings, 1859. (RMN list of mining men.)

BOWERS, George W., appointed County Judge of Park County (RMN) 1859 by Governor Steele, “until his successor is elected in Jan 1861.” (Dec 1859)

BOWERS, N. B., mining man, was president of the “Lyceum,” Tarryall, 1859. (Debating society)

BOWERS, W. B., files claim 160 acres, “beginning at northeast corner of George Daniels’ claim.” Surveyed Dec 28, 1859 by P. H. Sayer. (Jefferson County Land Records, Liber A)

BOWKER, W. H., arrived Jun 1, 1859 from Illinois with D. Pettijohn and R. Gibson.

BOWLES, J. C., was President of the Golden City Town Company in Oct and Nov 1859. He was always most eminent in Golden.

BOWLES, Joseph W., born North Carolina Jul 17, 1836. Resided Indiana, Keokuk, Iowa, then Marshall County, Iowa, 1858 Riley County, Kansas and May 25, 1859, arrived Cherry Creek. Miner and stockman and ranchman. Has been County Commissioner of Arapahoe County three terms. Lived Littleton, 1880. Married Cynthia R. Segrave of Colorado Dec 16, 1867, by Rev. Vincent. Children: Charles W, Edward V., and Josie. (Files)

BOWLES, R. W., grantor, Oct 3, 1859 claim in Bobtail Lead, Gregory Diggings. (Gregory & Mountain City Record, p. 40).

BOWLEY, W. V., arrived from Elkhart, Indiana May 14, 1859, 39 days from St. Louis. (RMN)

BOWMAN, Joseph, member of J. W. Donnellan & Company in claims on McGinnis Lode, Gregory Diggings. Recorded at Mountain City, Oct 1, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 22)

BOWMAN, S. H., was a witness Nov 15, 1859, Denver City, sale of lots and again in December in sale of 160 acres land on Platte River between Glasscock & Haars.

BOYCE, G. P., of Chicago Creek Mining Camp was attorney for Pascoe Nov 1859. He write[s] Editor of the Western Mountaineer from Chicago Creek bar, winter of 1859-60.

BOYD, D., arrived from New York with J. F. Makepeace and W. B. Armstrong (of Michigan), C. Wallace and M. E. Harrison (of Indiana), J. Smith and H. F. Rodman (of Connecticut) in wagon 5 of E. Doty’s Lightning Express train of ten wagons Apr 22, 1859. (RMN)

BOYD, Dr. E., of Springfield, Missouri, arrived by Platte Route, May 10, 1859. (RMN)

BOYD, E. D., and seven others arrived from Leavenworth, May 30, 1859. (RMN) He was surveyor for Denver City Town Company in December this year, and in 1859 director of occupations is of Buel & Boyd, surveyors, MaGaa Street, Denver. He was elected City Engineer in December also.

BOYD, Dr. E. H., is in summer of 1859 mining at diggings near Fort Independence, on Blue River, over the Snowy Range on Western Slope. (RMN)

BOYD, J. B. C., arrived May 1859, resided 1907 Arvada. Member Pioneers’ Society in 1907. Formerly lived in Golden City. Files location of a claim on Cherry Creek, south of T. P. Boyd’s line, for farming and other purposes, surveyed and staked Jan 12, 1860. (Golden Records, Liber A, p, 9)

BOYD, Joseph T., of Golden in 1859, resided there many years. Born Pennsylvania (Crawford County) 1840. Edw. N. Sewickly Seminary, graduated 1855. Emigrated Missouri farmer, teacher, prospector, later in Colorado miner. In 1860 locates land for ranching purposes, in Jefferson County, Jefferson Territory near northeast corner T. P. Boyd’s claim, on Ross’ line, near Clear Creek. Filed for record in Golden City, Jan 26, 1860. (Liber A, p. 10) He was 2nd Lieut. Company K, 3rd Colorado Cavalry, and member of the regimental Commissary Department. This regiment participated in Battle of Sand Creek. He held several important offices, was on Board of Managers of State Penitentiary at Canon City, and was chief Clerk of the Legislature in 1874. Was under-sheriff of Jefferson County 1878-80. Made campaign for State Senate in 1876, Allison H. DeFrance being his rival. There was a tie vote, and contest and Boyd lost. Had mining interests in Central City, Georgetown, and Gunnison County. Married Nov 16, 1870, Miss Mary, daughter [of] Robert P. Marshall of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Three sons. He is a Baptist and Republican in politics.

BOYD, R., (of New York), arrived goldfields with E. Doty’s Lightning Express train of 10 wagons, being in wagon 8, May 22, 1859. Others in wagon 8 were J. Rodenstein of Kansas Territory, Mr. Hunt and Mr. Scott of New York, and L. Rice of Kansas Territory. (List, RMN)

BOYD, Robert, of Greeley, arrived May 22, 1859. (see preceding sketch) Born Massachusetts, Sep 21, 1837. Was grantor, with others, of claim in Nevada Gulch, Sep 29, 1859. (Gregory Record)

BOYER, William, arrived with Lawrence Party in 7th wagon, 1858. Was Secretary of Montana Town Company in this year, and also of an expedition from Kansas to carry supplies to the goldfields. This name is also given as William J. Boyer, and is probably same man. He had Donation Lots in Auraria Town (from the Company) spring of 1859.

BOYLAN, John, arrival Oct 1858. In 1920 lived in Blackhawk, and is member of Colorado Pioneers’ Society or Association. Born Ohio Feb 3, 1840.

BOZARRE, Oct 4, 1859, certificate is issued for his Denver lots. (Liber A)

BRACKETT, William, Associate Justice of Supreme Court (elect) 1859 under Provisional Government, Territory of Jefferson.

BRADFORD, Allen A., arrived Colorado 1859, settling in Central City, later Pueblo. The following notes are from Lanham’s Dict. of Congress, 1866, p. 41: Born Friendship, Lincoln County, Maine, Jul 23, 1815 on farm. Had plain edic. And later emigrated Missouri in 1841 studied Law, admitted to Bar 1843. Clerk Circuit Court 1851, emigrated Iowa 1852. Judge 6th Judicial District, Iowa, resigning 1855. Then moved to Nebraska, member Territorial Council 1856-8. Then Colorado 1862, Judge Supreme Court Colorado, and later Delegate to 39th Congress. Was member of the National Committee appointed to accompany the remains of Lincoln to Illinois.

The RMN Dec 23, 1865 reports that Judge Allen A. Bradford had been injured by being run over by a street car in Washington, D.C.

BRADFORD, R. B., was appointed Brig. Gen’l of Governor’s Staff by Gov. Steele of the Provisional Government of Jefferson Territory. He is also in list of petitioners to the Grand Lodge of Kansas Territory (Masonic) for a Denver lodge, which was later founded. He seems to be in real estate investments to some extent, and the R. B. Bradford Company of Auraria and Denver invested in several holdings. They were merchants handling gold dust, said to be of Lafayette County, Missouri. They bought lots of Beverly D. Williams Sep 16, 1859, and are mentioned as having finished a store building of brick, 50 feet by 60, and three stories high, the largest yet in Denver. (Libeus Barney letters) This building must have been at corner of Ferry and 5th Streets (Holliday and 11th now), for it is stated that the less part of it is to be used for the Post Office, which was at this corner opposite Masonic Hall. (Still standing this last.) R. B. Bradford was President of the Breckenridge Town Company in Dec 1859. He probably died in 1876 or 1877, as his estate is advertized and administrators are noted to be Larkin Bradford and Michael J. McNamara. Petition I. 340 (Feb 13, 1877) Oath of Administrators, 3, p. 1, inventory $7,850. See Liber I, p. 355 for claim of Larkin Bradford. Riverside Cemetery, Denver, is place of burial. (Robert B. Bradford was his name.) Called Major Bradford.

BRADFORD, Thomas, Denver child, 1859, pupil of Steinberger’s school.

BRADLEY, J. N., is grantee from Jacob Harrington, Auraria lots 10, block 9, Ferry Street, Auraria, Sep 15, 1859. (Consideration $100)

BRADLEY, R. P., joins with J. N. Bradley, above, in purchase of lot on Ferry Street, Auraria Sep 15, 1859.

BRADSTREET, J. H., arrived May 18, 1859. Resided Denver in 1890. Was born Maine, May 6, 1832. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society 1890. (Booklet) He probably lived in Gregory Diggings for he was a member of the first Constitutional Convention from that place, 1859. He was signed as a witness in land transfers in Denver in October and November of this year.

BRAINARD, Thomas Corwin, Proprietor Brainard Hotel, Boulder, 1880. Arrived Jun 5, 1859. Born Poland, Mahoning County, Ohio, Feb 7, 1842 or 3. Ancestry – Irish and English. (His mother was a Twist family, an old one in Connecticut.) He lived Muscatine, Iowa, until came to Colorado with five teams, two wagons, and supplies by way of Platte River. Was freighter until 1861 from Denver to mining camps. Gilpin County married in May, 1861, Miss Anna McCleary who came also 1859 to Colorado with her parents from Trumbull County, Ohio and who settled on farm in Jefferson County.

BRANHAM, ---, was in 1858 living in Montana City on Platte.

BRANNER, ---, received Donation Lot from Auraria Town Company Apr 1859, on his agreement to build.

BRANTNER, Samuel, arrived Cherry Creek, May 1859. (or started in May ?) and arrived, having recently married in Shelby County, Missouri where he had lived one year. Born Washington County, Maryland Aug 13, 1820. Moved to Ohio with widowed mother. Was a cooper. 1852 went to California (six years). Farmed on Cherry Creek four miles above Denver in summer 1860. Bought ranche 15 miles down Platte River and claimed that his daughter, who was married in Dec 1879, was the first white girl child born in Colorado.

BRASSLER, Charles A., grantor, claim of Gratiot Lode, Gregory Diggings, Sep 29, 1859. Mountain City Record, p. 15. (Gregory Record)

BRAUCH, Harry, came to Colorado by ox team, 1859. Died, Denver, Dec 15, 1922 age 84 years. Hotel keeper. Two brothers came with him and went to Golden City and sold team and oxen. The brothers returned on foot to Minnesota, but Harry located in Golden. He was born Mamen, Luxemburg, Germany, and in 1853 returned for visit, and married Mary Gouraud, returned to America and in Minnesota farmed, then Le Moss, Iowa, and returned to Denver, 1894.

BREATH, S. M., of Nederland, 1881, arrived in Colorado Aug 5, 1859. (Clipping) He was partner in store in Boulder with William A. Davidson late in the year. He left Golden for Boulder and his name later is given to Breath’s Addition to that City. Breath was either a candidate or a member of Golden Lodge in 1860. (Masonic)

BRECKENRIDGE, a new town, just laid out before Dec 28, 1859 in Middle Park, upon the Blue River, 63 miles from Golden by the St. Vrain, Golden City and Colorado Wagon Road. R. B. Bradford, President of the Town Company.

BRENDLINGER, Hiram J., arrived Denver City 1859. Born Pennsylvania, 1825, removed to the city of Philadelphia clerk, etc. in 1850 went to California by Isthmus carrying tobacco, etc. After his coming to Denver he continued this business on Ferry Street, Auraria City, later on Blake near Cherry Creek. Erected several stores very large for those times. Member Denver City Council, 1861, from 1st Ward. Again 1862-3-4, and Mayor of Denver 1865-6. He was an extensive advertizer of his store in the RMN and other papers of the time. He was a member of the Legislature of Colorado Territory, 1864. He bought a number of lots at different times, and sold them again. One grantor was James B. Reed, another Leroy Hobbs and F. Y. Chappell. (Firm of Chapel & Hobbs)

BRENHAM, ---, owned claim on Platte near Cooper’s and Dougherty’s claims, before Jan 16, 1860, and must have been of 1859

BRESSLER, G. H., (of Breckenridge) arrived May 1859. Was member Colorado Pioneers’ Association. Born Ohio Jun 16, 1836.

BREWER, J. G., transfer of lot 3, block 1, Auraria City, with W. B. Brown, Nov 8, 1859.

BREWER, W., partner with J. G. Brewer, above, in transfer of same lot, Nov 8, 1859, Auraria.

BREWMELL & COMPANY, mining, summer of 1859 in Pleasant Valley. Six men working; amount of gold dust per week, $300. (List of mining companies operating in mountains, published in RMN summer 1859.)

BREWSTER, J. H., was grantee from Denver Town Company, Dec 4, 1858 of four lots. May 8, 1859, John H. Brewster was grantor of Denver lots to James M. Broadwell. In Feb 1860, he files other lots for record.

BRICE, James M. and Thomas J. Brice were of Georgia. Arrived at Mouth of Cherry Creek, May 16, 1859, by Arkansas Route, with Capt. J. B. Graham’s wagon train, which was a part of the “Russell Company,” all from Georgia and including P. Brice, John Satterfield, Y. C. Hawkins, according to account in the RMN.

BRIDGE, George, Denver lots drawn in his name by Morton C. Fisher, Sep 13, 1859. George A. Bridge, may be same, mentioned in The Trail, p. 24, October number, 1924. Arrived Cherry Creek, 1859, said to be the apprentice printer on the RMN conspicuous for being the very first one. He had sons as follows: George A. (of Englewood, Colorado, 1924), Joseph Francis, born Jul 24, 1867 on the Ennis Ranche near Pueblo, and died Oct 14, 1924, buried Dupont. This son married Emma Warehugh in 1904, at Cheyenne, Wyoming. Lived in Clear Creek District since 1904, and in Colorado since 1875; 2 children.

The widow of George A. Bridge, Sr., married 2nd --- Woodrow, and her children by this were: William R. Woodrow (Tolland, Colorado, 1924), Etta, married Henry Nienhuzer of Denver, and Mary married --- Wilson of Spokane, Washington, later perhaps of Seattle. C. F. Bridge of Topeka, Kansas is a brother of George A. Bridge, Sr., and Mr. James B. Elliott of North Platte, Nebraska is either a brother or brother-in-law. (?)

(The above account of family is condensed from the article in The Trail, mentioned first.)

BRIDGER, James, famous hunter, trapper, interpreter and explorer in the Pike’s Peak Territory, said to be discoverer of Salt Lake, very early in the century was wandering through the Rocky Mountains, and is said to have discovered gold in 1859 in the Black Hills while acting as guide and interpreter to an exploring party commanded by Capt. Reynolds. In Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. II, pp 221-222-223, this matter is told at length, and Jim Bridger knew so many of the Fiftyniners and camped so many times on the site of Denver that I am placing his name here, though a record of his career would require a volume.

BRIDGES, S. H., from Illinois, arrived Jun 2, 1859, by Platte Route in a company with two wagons. See under H. C. Reasoner for companions of Bridges on this trip.

BRIERLY, T. H., is grantee Apr 7, 1859, with J. D. Henderson and J. C. Sanders of Sanders Ranche. (Arapahoe County Land Records, 1859). He was a witness June 3, 1860, to deed to tract of land on South Platte River, five miles below Denver City, known as “Henderson’s Ranche,” “Where John D. Henderson now lives.”

BRIGGS, George W. (of Windsor, Colorado, 1907), arrived goldfields Oct 28, 1858, member Colorado Pioneers’ Association, or Society, in 1907, possibly later?

BRIGHAM, L. V., grantee Sep 1859, from Lewis Smith, farm claim on Cherry Creek five miles southeast of Denver, in Arapahoe County. (Arapahoe County Land Records)

BRIGHARD, M. D., partner and grantor with others in mining claim in Gregory Diggings, Sep 16, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 30, Central)

BRIGHT, Richard L., subject of the following notice in paper Dec 4, 1859: “R. L. Bright, who left for his home in Indiana some time ago, has returned with his family.”

(Western Mountaineer, Golden)

Mrs. R. L. Bright was famous in office of this paper for rich mince pies. The following is in Jefferson County Land Records, Golden.

Richard L. Bright, John H. Wall, and John F. Kirby, filed for record Jan 13, 1860, land claim one half mile above the lower bridge which crosses Clear Creek in Golden City, each claiming an undivided one third.

BRINDLE, William, of the city of Le Compton, Douglas County, Kansas, Oct 1859, makes Wynkoop his attorney to represent him in his Denver City Town Company stock. He may have been a non-resident holder of stock in Denver Town Company.

BRINKLEY, John A., grantor, lot 4, block 50, town of Auraria, Nov 1859.

BRINKLEY, Mary L. E., “is entitled to lots 17, block 236, lot 11, block 114, lot 20, block 154, lot 17, block 312,” Denver City Records, Nov 21, 1859. (See also Binkley)

BRISTOW, Nicholas, (his mark) “holds claim on Vasquez Fork of Platte River, one and one half miles from town of Arapahoe, next claim of William G. Pfoutz, dated Jun 7 1859. On May 30, he sells to David Wall. Nicholas Bristo of Gregory Diggings, Oct 3, 1859, sells claim on Fisk Lead, in same diggings. (Gregory Record, p. 42)

BRITTAN, A., with R. W. Bowles and Myron Chase grantors of claim south of Gregory Diggings. (Sep 1, 1859) (Gregory Record, p. 40)

BRIZEE, G. W., probably of firm of Brizee & Wade, attorneys Gregory Diggings and Denver City, 1859. He was from Chicago.

BROADWELL, James M., is said to have arrived in Denver City March (another says Apr 2), 1859 with $11,000 in a buckskin bag. Also with him, he brought a small stock of dry goods and groceries. In the first number of the RMN Vol. I, p. 3, Apr 23, it is stated that he is having a large consignment of goods sent him from the East. Later, “Mr. Broadwell’s train, freighted with furniture for his large new hotel, has arrived in the city.” (Nov 1859) The Broadwell House stood corner Larimer and 16th Streets (then called Larimer and G. Street) where the old Tabor, now called Nassau, block was afterward erected. Broadwell was Alderman of Denver from 2nd Ward, 1862-3, and again (this time from 3rd Ward) in 1872-3-4. He kept the Broadwell House until 1870, perhaps later.

He was member of Denver Lodge No. 5, A.F. & A. M. in list 1862. Was born Illinois May 6, 1827. Removed to Santa Fe, New Mexico, then Las Vegas, and next to Cherry Creek, as we have stated. He was Acting Mayor of Denver at one time. Was member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. Died and was buried in old Congressional Cemetery on Capitol Hill, but later removed to Fairmont with others who had survived all their friends, and are there crowded together in a small space.

Broadwell was originally a blacksmith it is said, in Las Vegas, but was a storekeeper afterward. He raised thoroughbred horses at one time after retiring from the hotel. Is said to have been coroner at time of the Hungate murders. He was an excellent citizen, bore a fine reputation and was very clever and bright. When he opened his beautifully furnished hotel he gave a Christmas Ball (1859), an affair which the News characterized as being very recherché.

In the RMN of Aug 15, 1874 mention is made of the visit to his father aged 79 years, an “Old Settler” of Illinois, Mr. John M. Broadwell.

Mrs. J. M. Broadwell was interred (Cemetery Record) Sep 8, 1884 age 42, block 6, lot 63, E ½.

Broadwell’s picture is published in the RMN Dec 5, 1899 on p. 8.

BROCKER, Franz Adolph, pioneer of 1858, was born Oct 19, 1838 (gravestone) in Neinkerchen, Hanover (notice of funeral). Died St. Louis, Missouri 1870. He was merchant of Denver, dealing in groceries, fine liquors, cigars, etc. Had store on west side of F. Street between Larimer and Holliday. He came to the U. S. at 16 years. Became an importer in St. Louis. Lived for a time in Leavenworth, Kansas. He built one of the first brick buildings in the city, a very good one; was highly esteemed and an excellent citizen. His body was brought to Denver and buried Capital Hill (Congressional Cemetery), afterward removed to Riverside. His funeral was very large, more than forty carriages besides the mourning coaches. Union Lodge No. 7, of which he was a member, attended the ceremony.

He married Amelia Louise Gehrung, who was born in France, and married in Denver, Feb 10, 1863. On her monument in Riverside it says under her name at bottom of shaft, “Pioneer of 1858,” so it is likely that she is a daughter or relative of Dr. Gehrung. (See) Brocker & Graves were mining together in Illinois Gulch and Missouri Flats in 1859.

BRONSON, George A. (or George L?), grantor, lot 2, block 37, Auraria City 1859. Was also a witness in lot sale Nov 17, same year, same place.

BRONSON, S., delegate from Golden City to the first Constitutional Convention 1859. He is also connected with mining for the Gregory Record, p. 50. He is associated with D. M. Cram in notice of claim for water of Maryland, or Chase Gulch, to be conveyed to Gregory Gulch. This is the same year.

BROOKFIELD, Alfred A., pioneer of Boulder 1858. Born Morristown, Morris County, New York (New Jersey?), 1830. (His father was a merchant) Removed to Nebraska City, 1856. Married there to Emma, daughter [of] George Lorton, and he was Mayor of this place 1857. Mined and prospected in Boulder, Gold Hill, and Gold Run. Was made President of Boulder Town Company spring of 1859, with Mr. Buckwalter as Secretary. His wife was first white woman in Boulder. He moved family there in autumn of 1859. After this he ranched near Valmont, and in 1865 moved to Ward District. Kept hotel, then bought Colorado House in Boulder.

BROOKFIELD, Mrs. A. A., (see Emma Lorton, daughter of George) was a pioneer of 1859. (See above.)

BROSNAN, Daniel, died Feb 21, 1868 in Denver. Said to be a pioneer of 1859. (Have not found any record of this?)

BROTCHA, Conrad, was grantee Jul 30, 1859, lot 2, block 33, Auraria. Consideration $200 (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber A,)

BROTHERS, Thomas, discovered the Indiana Mine, Gilpin County, 1859. Thomas Brothers mining Clear Creek this year.

BROWN, “Aunt” Clara, colored, came as a cook with party arriving in the gold region in 1859. Born Virginia near Fredericksburg, a slave owned by Ambrose Smith who emigrated Kentucky, 1809. She was married at age 18 years, had Margaret, Eliza, Palina, Richard, and at death of her master, she and her children were sold and forever parted (1835). She was bought by George Brown of Russellville, who died 1856. His heirs freed her, she went to St. Louis, then Leavenworth, then Colorado to Auraria, but in short time moved to Gregory diggings or Mountain City. She returned to Kentucky and brought out all of her relatives. It was a very little while before she was worth $10,000. She lived corner 23rd and Arapahoe in a little cottage she built. Was member Presbyterian Church for 50 years, a most charming and fine old colored person. She lived Gilpin County 1886. (Above notes are from Vickers’ account.)

BROWN & COMPANY, mining, three men, Russell’s Gulch 1859. (RMN) Brown and Company possibly another (?) mining at Gregory Diggings. This last from DeKalb County, Indiana.

BROWN, Mrs. Ester, grantee, from Auraria Town Company lot 1, block 100, Dec 14, 1859. Consideration $1.

BROWN, F., his claim in Gregory Diggings mentioned, Gregory Record, p. 6, 1859.

BROWN & FELLOWES, grantors, ranche called “Eight Mile House” to T. M. Robinson, Jan 1, 1860. (Liber A, Golden)BROWN, Elias, living 1920, Denver. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, arrived May 6, 1859. Born New Jersey. He mined in Gregory and Mountain City Districts for that year. (See under Jacob Thomas.)

BROWN, George and brothers, arrived May 22, 1859 from St. Louis, by Smoke Hill route, by Lone Star Company.

BROWN, George C., grantee from F. Y. Chappelle, Sep 3, 1859, lots. (Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber A,)

BROWN, G. W., arrived Jun 15, 1859. George W. Brown was in this year of Auraria or Denver, and was candidate for City Commissioner, People’s ticket, and George W. Brown, probably same, was a delegate during year to a convention in Denver. RMN This last lived in Jefferson County. In Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber B, he is grantor, to S. R. Brown, Sep 21 this year. G. W. Brown was delegate to first Constitutional Convention from Gregory Diggings, also in this year.

BROWN, Harmon, owns lot 9, block 70, Denver Nov 1859. (Mentioned in Arapahoe County Land Records.)

BROWN, J., witness, land deal, Nov 12, 1859. Auraria City.

BROWN, J. H., in 1859 was Superintendent of construction of the section of the S. V. Golden City & Colorado Wagon road between Golden and Arapahoe village.

BROWN, J. P., member first Constitutional Convention, delegate from Eureka. (diggings) (RMN file of 1859)

BROWN, James, witness, transfer Auraria City lots, Dec 1859.

BROWN, Joseph, was of the Lawrence Party of 1858. Was one of the original stockholders in Auraria Town Company. He is said in history to have married the widow of William McGaa, a half-Indian woman. He was still surviving 1901 in South Dakota. There is record of his having bought lot 12, block 32, Auraria, Oct 1859.

BROWN, Joseph M., of Arapahoe County Jun 1859. Born Maryland May 6, 1832. He was pioneer of South Park District. Was with Sam Walker in Nicaragua 1855. Then came west, farmer and stock grower. (Bancroft, Vol. 25, p. 384)

BROWN, S. H., witness land transfer, Denver City 1859.

BROWN, S. R., member first Constitutional Convention 1859. (RMN ) Delegate from Jefferson precinct.

BROWN, S. W., grantor, to J. R. Ford & Company, claim on Prospect Lode, Gregory Diggings, Oct 1, 1859. (Gregory Record) Samuel W. Brown was pioneer of South Park District in this year. Born Baltimore, Maryland, Dec 23, 1829. Removed [to] New York, was cabinet maker in Mexican war. Then California, next Chicago. He was with Walker in Nicaragua (see above, Joseph M. Brown) furnished supplies to army. Married 1857 daughter [of] John Perry. Olathe, Iowa, then Colorado. Located 500 acre ranche and settled there. His wife was of Johnson County, Iowa. (Bancroft, Vol. 25, p. 384)

BROWN, Simon, Claim 22 McLeod & Company plat (see) Oct 1859. Land entered on Plum Creek (now Douglas County, most probably).

BROWN, William C., arrived Jun 20, 1859 and lives Dec 1899 at Gardner, Huerfano County. (List of Pioneers from Record of Society published 1899.)

BROWN’S LODE, was in Russell District, 1859.

BROWNYARD, F. B., arrived 1859. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society, living Ouray 1920. (Note: F. B. and T. D. may be one person?) Taken from different listings.

BROWNYARD, T. D. (of Ouray 1907), arrived Oct 15, 1859. (Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society.) Name from list of publication of 1907.

BRUMBLY, Martin, of Canon City, who came 1859, was later in the Battle of Sand Creek, a private. (List)

BRUMED (BRUME?) F. F., in list of 1859 petitioners to the Grand Lodge of Kansas Territory, begging dispensation to found a Lodge in Auraria City. (Seems to be misspelled name, Brunio, Brunee, etc.) F. F. Brunio or Brunee was delegate from Fountain to the first Constitutional Convention, same year. T. T. Brune (probably same) is a witness to deed, Denver City, Nov 1859. (Liber B, p. 6, old paging)

BRUSH, Jared L., arrived Jun 3, 1859. Born Ohio Jan 16, 1837. (Pioneers’ list) He mined with George A. Jackson in Clear Creek Canon in this year, and from 1860 to 1870 ranched on Big Thompson River. Was member Legislature, also Lieut. Governor of Colorado. In 1899 he was living in Greeley, Colorado.

BRYANT, George H., of Auraria City 1859, came from Michigan City. Was member and officer of Auraria Lodge A.F.& A.M. October this year, and elected Senior Deacon. Was also member 1861. He arrived in Auraria, coming across plains in January 1859, with Capt. Richard Sopris in a one-horse wagon, reaching end of trip in February. He is of Hughes and Bryant Nov 2, grantors to Buddee and Jacobs east 64 feet off of east end of lot 1, block 9 from Cherry Street 54 feet back ground fronting on Cherry and 5th Streets, consideration $100.

There was a family of Bryants in Nederland who were very early pioneers, probably related (?) In December of this year, Bryant & Hughes were advertizing in the Western Mountaineer of Golden, their hotel the Vasquez House in Auraria.

BUCHEARDT, ---, Member first Constitutional Convention from Gregory Diggings. (From list in RMN file of 1859)

BUCK, Hiram, pioneer of 1859. Builder. Born Portage, Ohio Jun 8, 1836. New England parentage, reared on farm. Removed 1857 Wisconsin, until spring of 1859 when he crossed plains, and went to Gold Hill, Boulder County, afterward ranching on lower Boulder Creek and having threshing machine also. Was married Feb 1870 Mary Jane Jay of Polo, Illinois. (History Boulder Valley)

BUCK, Jacob, arrived Jun 15, 1859. Resided in 1907, St. Francis, Kansas. Member Colorado Pioneers’ Society. (Dates from list.)

BUCKEYE BAR, placers on Clear Creek.


BUCKLEY, ---, arrived 1859 (spring) from Omaha. (RMN)

BUCKLEY, H. C., was in 1859 Directory of Businessmen of Denver and Auraria, a clerk in the offices of the Express Company. (This Directory was a Mss. one copied by G. W. Clayton.) The firm of Buckley & Rice was composed of Henry S. Buckley (probably same) and William K. Rice, in Liber A, p. 179, old, is record of grant to them from W. H. H. Larimer (lots) and Sep 13 again, and H. S. Buckley was a witness in Auraria in Dec 1859 to sale of lots.

BUCKMAN, F. H., name in list of members of Gilpin County pioneers of 1859. (Record Book kept by Chase Withrow, given Colorado History Society.)

BUCKSKIN JOE DIGGINGS in 1859, much esteemed. Was near the Mosquito Range. Phillips mine was here.

BUDDEE, Albert, was in Denver and Auraria 1859, possibly earlier, but first mention in RMN is advertizement of an express package having arrived for him. He was one of the founding members of Auraria Lodge A.F. & A. M. (Square & Compass, p. 31, Apr 1895, Denver) and in list of members is reported as belonging to Herman Lodge No. 37 of Quincy, Illinois. There is a statement from a clipping that he was from Peoria, Illinois to Denver. His first land purchase seems to be in the late part of year; on Nov 2 he is grantee from Auraria Town Company of lot 5, block 169, lot 2, block 233, lot 4, block 144, lot 7, block 245. On Nov 8, he is grantor of lot 3, block 1. He is “of Auraria City” in this case also. He was a partner of Abraham Jacobs in merchandizing, and their store building erected before Oct 1, 1859 on Ferry Street near corner of 4th (now Walnut) was one of the most elegant buildings in town, being described in RMN as “A finely finished frame building, 22 by 70 feet, two stories high, the front finished in superb style.” This building was finished before Oct 15, 1859, because it was advertized in the paper after that date each issue.

The upper floor was occupied at once by the Auraria Lodge (see under Auraria) with Henry Allen as Worshipful Master, and continued to be used by them until Denver City succeeded in having a union with this Lodge and getting it away from Auraria, her rival. The store of this firm was under the Hall. They were Commission merchants, and in July had a branch established at Golden Gate City. A Stage line and auction business were carried on in this store, while no doubt the Masons had banquets and social centre above. The Post Office of Auraria was opposite this fine building, which still stands in same place, the oldest in Denver probably (see frontispiece).

BUDDEE & JACOBS (See under A. Buddee above.)

BUDDEE, Lucia, of Adams County, Illinois on Oct 12, 1859, money was paid in trust for her in Arapahoe County, also lots or lot 3, block 98 in Auraria. Not certain that she came in 1859, though she may have done so, and returned to States. (?)

BUELL, ---, surveyed Pueblo, 1859 (the new part).

BUELL, George P, of Buell & Boyd, surveyors, have office on McGaa Street in Directory of 1859, also in 1861. The RMN of December, this year, states that Buell is of the Consolidated Ditch Company, and is in the mountain surveying the branches of the Ditch through the mines, to be completed in January.

BUELL, or BUEL, John, also John L., spoken of as at Boulder City 1859, and entertains party at “The Pass” near this place.

BUETER --- & COMPANY, grocery store, Denver or Auraria, mentioned in 1859 file.

BUHLER, ---, arrived from Kankakee, Illinois (RMN)

BULKELEY, this name appears Feb 19, 1860 among others starting the organization of the Episcopal Church in Denver, but may have been an early arrival of this year, and not of 1859?

BULL, J. S., of Boulder Creek 1858, one of discoverers of Gold Hill. Col. J. S. Bull is mentioned in files of papers of 1859 as a resident of Boulder Valley.

BUNCH, Wiley, a miner of Gold Hill, mentioned in RMN, file, 1859.

BURCH, Miss Eliza, married to Mr. Charles Corbin at residence of J. J. Minter (Denver or Auraria) Dec 21, 1859, by Rev. G. W. Fisher. “All of Ohio.” (RMN) In the Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber D, p. 320, old paging, this marriage is recorded.

BURCH, H. (or Burck?), of Golden City, locates ranche claim Jul 20, 1859 “on West Line of D. P. Foote’s claim,” Jefferson County, Jefferson, Colorado (Golden Records, Liber A, p. 40).

BURDICK, Justis, files location of his farm claim on west side of Cherry Creek ten miles from Denver in Arapahoe County, Sep 27, 1859.

BURDICK & RICE were grantees of lots in Denver Oct 29, this year, from John C. Nelson. (Justis Burdick and William R. Rice, both of Denver, make deed to lots Nov 9, 1859.)

BURDSALL, Dr. Caleb S., born Cincinnati, Ohio, Jul 23, 1808, was there a druggist, vice president City Council, and arrived Auraria City May 18, 1859. He mined in Gregory Diggings, later practiced medicine in Auraria. Was surgeon of the 3d Colorado Cavalry, and in the Battle of Sand Creek. His family came out in 1860; their home was in Auraria City, on corner of 4th and Cheyenne Avenue (now Walnut and 9th Streets). A very large yard full of cottonwoods, and a pretty, white, one and a half story frame house with rather high gables, and cut out decorations around the cornice, which with green shutters gave it a tasty appearance. He discovered the soda lakes near Morrison, and had a plant there in the seventies, with quite an equipment, drying beds and storage sheds, and was making soda but must have died before this project was successful, as the writer passed those lakes in spring of 1924 and saw nothing of the thriving little plant which she remembers as a child when Dr. Burdsall took her with her father to visit it, ending the day with a trip up Turkey Creek Canon after wild grapes. All are gone now, even the grape vines which then covered the ground along this creek. The following is from the Hall’s Colorado History, Vol. 1, p. 447: “The first experiments for the smelting of ores in Colorado were made by Professor Caleb Burdsall of Nevada District Gilpin County about 1862. He was quite successful, and continued his development of the facts in Denver.”

BURGARD, Bradford, witness to signing of description of mining claim by C. M. Miner, Mountain City, Aug 8, 1859. (Gregory Record, p. 9)

BURGEN’S RANCHE, (see Bergen) near Bergen Park.

BURGHARDT, B. A., and David, grantors, Oct 3, 1859, claims S. E. of Gregory Lead, etc. Gregory Diggings. (Gregory Record, p. 39)

BURGHARDT, H. J., was Secretary of the El Paso Claim Club, 1859, which was organized to devise means of holding land in absence of law, and land offices. Had its headquarters in Colorado City, 1859.

BURGHARDT, Mark D., “of Gregory Diggings,” records his claim in the Sterling Lead. (Gregory Record, p. 40, Sep 29, 1859)

BURK, August, born Sweden Dec 16, 1834. Lived in Denmark, Germany, and England. Arrived Boulder 1859, after year in United States. Then came Denver, opened bakery and confectionary, and in autumn of 1861 opened one in Nevadaville until 1864. Followed mining, homesteaded 160 acres 3 miles northeast of Boulder. Was living 1880.

BURLER, R. E., witness Auraria City land transaction Oct 4, 1859.

BURNETT, E. E., arrived May 28, 1859. (List of arrivals in RMN file 1859)

BURNETT, Henry, of Arkansas Valley 1859, came from Massachusetts it is said.

BURNSIDE, B., owner of claim 3, McLeod & Company pinery lands at fork of Plum Creek, Divide. Oct 1859.

BURPEE, John L., recorded Aug 3, 1859, Denver City, land sale to B. D. Williams of Danville, Kentucky, lots Nos. 15-16-, block 41, Denver City. (Liber A, p. 90)

BURROUGHS, Benjamin, was in 1859 the discoverer of the famous Burroughs Lode, Burroughs and Company, had Burroughs’ Tunnell also. (Gilpin County)

BUSH & COMPANY, 1859 in Russell Gulch, mining, six men.

BUTLER, ---, Mr., arrives, of firm of Long and Butler, (Missouri), spring 1859. (RMN)

BUTLER, ---, came Boulder in party accompanying the Wellman Brothers.

BUTLER, M. E., “of the County of Arapahoe, Territory of Kansas,” grantor of claim in Gregory Diggings, Oct 1, 1859. (Gregory Record)

BUTTS, Anthony, of Denver, 1859, grantee, from Messrs. St. James and St. Vrain, two lots on Lawrence Street with log cabin 16 by 20 ft. also two draw lots donated by Denver Town Company, Apr 5, 1859.

BYERS, Frank S., arrived Auraria City with his mother, Mrs. W. N. Byers, Aug 7, 1859. Born Omaha, Nebraska 1855. His sister, Mary (once Miss Mollie Byers), married W. F. Robinson. She is also a Fiftyniner.

BYERS, Joseph, of Indiana, arrived Denver City in party of Capt. Wilson Martin, May 16, 1859. (J. D. Byers is also description of this pioneer.)

BYERS, William Newton, Editor and Publisher of the Rocky Mountain News, was born Madison County, Ohio, Feb 22, 1831. Son of Moses Watson Byers (born Washington County, Pennsylvania, farmer) and Mary Anne Brandenburg (of German family), the father of Moses W. being James Byers, and his father Andrew Byers. So the line runs, Andrew, James, Moses W., William Newton Byers.

The family lived at first on Ferry Street, Auraria City. Mr. Byers had arrived Apr 8, and Mrs. Byers (Elizabeth M.) arrived in August and was given a share in Auraria Town Company on her arrival. During the year Mr. Byers had several honors, was appointed 2nd Major of the Governor’s Guard by Gov. Steele, was elected Correspondence Secretary of the Chess Club, and represented Auraria Precinct in the first Constitutional Convention.

But he did not join the Auraria Lodge (Masonic) until Feb 2, 1861, though a visiting member before. In 1909 when Denver Lodge No. 5 celebrated its 50th anniversary (dating from the founding of Auraria Lodge in 1859) he was brought in to make a speech. The members had seemingly not seen him a great deal, and made the most of it while it lasted.

The following notice appeared in the RMN of Dec 20, 1865: “Died, at West Liberty, Iowa, Dec 18,1865, James Henry, infant son of W. N. and E. M. Byers, age 7 years, 5 months, 4 days.” (See Histories of Colorado by Hall, Stone, Smiley and others for his more complete biography. Portraits in most of these.)

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Updated: June 25, 2013